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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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75. A conjugate acid-base pair Consists of two substances related by the donating and accepting of a(n) ________

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The theory behind the formation of conjugate acid-base pair should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

The Bronsted-Lowry model is also known as proton model for acids and bases. It defines acids and bases on the basis of their nature with respect to hydrogen ion H+. According to Bronsted-Lowry model, acids are proton donor and bases are proton acceptor.

On the basis of this theory, a substance can behave as an acid only if a base is also present in the same solution and a substance can behave as a base only if an acid is present. On donating proton, acid forms base and on accepting proton, base forms acid. The base and acid so formed are known as conjugate base and acid of the acidic and basic substances respectively.

Explanation

According to Bronsted-Lowry model, acid donates proton/s and base accepts proton/s. For example, ammonia and hydrochloric acid can act as Bronsted-Lowry base and acid in the presence of each other as follows:

HCl+NH3NH4++Cl

In the above react

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