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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. When sodium hydroxide, NaOH, is added dropwise to a buffered solution, the _______ component of the butter consumes the added hydroxide ion.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The component of the buffer that consumes the hydroxide ion should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

A buffer solution is the pH changes very little when small amount of acidic or basic substance added to it.

Most commonly the buffers are contained with weak acid and its conjugated base or weak base with its conjugated acid.

Explanation

Consider the buffer contained 1molCH3COOH with 1molCH3COO-(CH3COONaform) in 1.0L of water

The equilibrium present as follows in the solution,

CH3COOH+H2OCH3COO-+H3O+

In here, CH3COOH is the weak acid and CH3COO- is the conjugated base of the weak acid

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