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Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 16, Problem 92AE
Textbook Problem
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Use the equation in Exercise 79 to determine ∆H° and ∆S° for the autoionization of water:

H 2 O ( l ) H + ( a q ) + OH - ( a q )

T(°C) KW
0 1.14×10−15
25 1.00×10−14
35 2.09×10−14
40. 2.92×10−14
50. 5.47×10−14

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The values of ΔHοandΔSο for the auto ionization of water are to be determined.

Concept introduction: The standard enthalpy and entropy change are the thermodynamic functions. The superscript on these functions represents the standard form. The term Δ represents the change. The relation between the enthalpy and entropy change of with the Gibb’s free energy change is given by a mathematical formula.

Explanation of Solution

Given

The reaction is given as,

H2O(l)H+(aq)+OH(aq)

From the exercise 79 it is clear that there is a straight line plot between the lnKVs1T .

Therefore, from the given values of rate constant and time the values of lnK and inverse of time is tabulated as,

T(K)KwlnKw1T(K)2731.14×101534.4083.66×1032981.00×101432.2363.36×1033082.09×101431.4993.25×1033132.92×101431.1653.19×1033235.47×101430.5373.10×103

The relation between the equilibrium constant with entropy and enthalpy is given as,

lnK=ΔHοR(1T)+ΔSοR

Where,

  • K is equilibrium constant.
  • R is gas constant.
  • ΔHο is enthalpy change.
  • ΔSο is enthalpy change.
  • T is temperature in Kelvin.

Compare the above equation with the straight line equation

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Chapter 16 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
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Ch. 16 - For the process A(l) A(g), which direction is...Ch. 16 - For a liquid, which would you expect to be larger,...Ch. 16 - Gas A2 reacts with gas B2 to form gas AB at a...Ch. 16 - What types of experiments can be carried out to...Ch. 16 - A friend tells you, Free energy G and pressure P...Ch. 16 - You remember that G is related to RT ln(K) but...Ch. 16 - Predict the sign of S for each of the following...Ch. 16 - Is Ssurr favorable or unfavorable for exothermic...Ch. 16 - At 1 atm, liquid water is heated above 100C. 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