Chapter 16.2, Problem 36E

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8th Edition

James Stewart

ISBN: 9781285741550

Textbook Problem

Find the mass and center of mass of a wire in the shape of the helix *x = t*, *y =* cos *t*, *z* = sin *t*, 0 ⩽ *t* ⩽ 2*π,* if the density at any point is equal to the square of the distance from the origin.

To determine

**To find:** The mass of a thin wire which is in the shape of a helix and center of mass of a thin wire which is in the shape of a helix.

Explanation

**Given data:**

The parametric equations of the helix shaped thin wire are given as follows.

The density function of the thin wire is the square of the distance from the origin.

**Formula used:**

Write the expression to find the mass of the thin wire.

Here,

Write the expression for

Write the expression to find density function.

Here,

Write the expression to find distance between two points

Write the expression to find *x*-coordinate of center of mass of the thin wire:

Write the expression to find *y*-coordinate of center of mass of the thin wire:

Write the expression to find *z*-coordinate of center of mass of the thin wire:

Consider a point

As the density function

Substitute

**Calculation of density function**
**:**

Substitute

Substitute

**Calculation of**
**:**

Substitute

**Calculation of mass**
**:**

Substitute

Simplify the expression as follows.

Thus, the mass of a helix shaped thin wire is

**Calculation of**
**:**

Substitute

Simplify the expression as follows

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P-2ESect-16.5 P-3ESect-16.5 P-4ESect-16.5 P-5ESect-16.5 P-6ESect-16.5 P-7ESect-16.5 P-8ESect-16.5 P-9ESect-16.5 P-10ESect-16.5 P-11ESect-16.5 P-12ESect-16.5 P-13ESect-16.5 P-14ESect-16.5 P-15ESect-16.5 P-16ESect-16.5 P-17ESect-16.5 P-18ESect-16.5 P-19ESect-16.5 P-20ESect-16.5 P-21ESect-16.5 P-22ESect-16.5 P-23ESect-16.5 P-24ESect-16.5 P-25ESect-16.5 P-26ESect-16.5 P-27ESect-16.5 P-28ESect-16.5 P-29ESect-16.5 P-30ESect-16.5 P-31ESect-16.5 P-32ESect-16.5 P-33ESect-16.5 P-34ESect-16.5 P-35ESect-16.5 P-36ESect-16.5 P-37ESect-16.5 P-38ESect-16.5 P-39ESect-16.6 P-1ESect-16.6 P-2ESect-16.6 P-3ESect-16.6 P-4ESect-16.6 P-5ESect-16.6 P-6ESect-16.6 P-13ESect-16.6 P-14ESect-16.6 P-15ESect-16.6 P-16ESect-16.6 P-17ESect-16.6 P-18ESect-16.6 P-19ESect-16.6 P-20ESect-16.6 P-21ESect-16.6 P-22ESect-16.6 P-23ESect-16.6 P-24ESect-16.6 P-25ESect-16.6 P-26ESect-16.6 P-29ESect-16.6 P-30ESect-16.6 P-33ESect-16.6 P-34ESect-16.6 P-35ESect-16.6 P-36ESect-16.6 P-37ESect-16.6 P-38ESect-16.6 P-39ESect-16.6 P-40ESect-16.6 P-41ESect-16.6 P-42ESect-16.6 P-43ESect-16.6 P-44ESect-16.6 P-45ESect-16.6 P-46ESect-16.6 P-47ESect-16.6 P-48ESect-16.6 P-49ESect-16.6 P-50ESect-16.6 P-51ESect-16.6 P-52ESect-16.6 P-53ESect-16.6 P-54ESect-16.6 P-56ESect-16.6 P-59ESect-16.6 P-60ESect-16.6 P-61ESect-16.6 P-62ESect-16.6 P-63ESect-16.7 P-1ESect-16.7 P-2ESect-16.7 P-3ESect-16.7 P-4ESect-16.7 P-5ESect-16.7 P-6ESect-16.7 P-7ESect-16.7 P-8ESect-16.7 P-9ESect-16.7 P-10ESect-16.7 P-11ESect-16.7 P-12ESect-16.7 P-13ESect-16.7 P-14ESect-16.7 P-15ESect-16.7 P-16ESect-16.7 P-17ESect-16.7 P-18ESect-16.7 P-19ESect-16.7 P-20ESect-16.7 P-21ESect-16.7 P-22ESect-16.7 P-23ESect-16.7 P-24ESect-16.7 P-25ESect-16.7 P-26ESect-16.7 P-28ESect-16.7 P-37ESect-16.7 P-38ESect-16.7 P-39ESect-16.7 P-40ESect-16.7 P-41ESect-16.7 P-42ESect-16.7 P-43ESect-16.7 P-44ESect-16.7 P-45ESect-16.7 P-46ESect-16.7 P-47ESect-16.7 P-48ESect-16.7 P-49ESect-16.8 P-1ESect-16.8 P-2ESect-16.8 P-3ESect-16.8 P-4ESect-16.8 P-5ESect-16.8 P-6ESect-16.8 P-7ESect-16.8 P-8ESect-16.8 P-9ESect-16.8 P-10ESect-16.8 P-11ESect-16.8 P-12ESect-16.8 P-13ESect-16.8 P-14ESect-16.8 P-15ESect-16.8 P-17ESect-16.8 P-18ESect-16.8 P-19ESect-16.8 P-20ESect-16.9 P-1ESect-16.9 P-2ESect-16.9 P-3ESect-16.9 P-4ESect-16.9 P-5ESect-16.9 P-6ESect-16.9 P-7ESect-16.9 P-8ESect-16.9 P-9ESect-16.9 P-10ESect-16.9 P-11ESect-16.9 P-12ESect-16.9 P-13ESect-16.9 P-14ESect-16.9 P-17ESect-16.9 P-18ESect-16.9 P-19ESect-16.9 P-20ESect-16.9 P-23ESect-16.9 P-24ESect-16.9 P-25ESect-16.9 P-26ESect-16.9 P-27ESect-16.9 P-28ESect-16.9 P-29ESect-16.9 P-30ESect-16.9 P-31ESect-16.9 P-32ECh-16 P-1RCCCh-16 P-2RCCCh-16 P-3RCCCh-16 P-4RCCCh-16 P-5RCCCh-16 P-6RCCCh-16 P-7RCCCh-16 P-8RCCCh-16 P-9RCCCh-16 P-10RCCCh-16 P-11RCCCh-16 P-12RCCCh-16 P-13RCCCh-16 P-14RCCCh-16 P-15RCCCh-16 P-16RCCCh-16 P-1RQCh-16 P-2RQCh-16 P-3RQCh-16 P-4RQCh-16 P-5RQCh-16 P-6RQCh-16 P-7RQCh-16 P-8RQCh-16 P-9RQCh-16 P-10RQCh-16 P-11RQCh-16 P-12RQCh-16 P-13RQCh-16 P-1RECh-16 P-2RECh-16 P-3RECh-16 P-4RECh-16 P-5RECh-16 P-6RECh-16 P-7RECh-16 P-8RECh-16 P-9RECh-16 P-10RECh-16 P-11RECh-16 P-12RECh-16 P-13RECh-16 P-14RECh-16 P-15RECh-16 P-16RECh-16 P-17RECh-16 P-18RECh-16 P-19RECh-16 P-20RECh-16 P-21RECh-16 P-22RECh-16 P-23RECh-16 P-24RECh-16 P-25RECh-16 P-27RECh-16 P-28RECh-16 P-29RECh-16 P-30RECh-16 P-31RECh-16 P-32RECh-16 P-33RECh-16 P-34RECh-16 P-35RECh-16 P-36RECh-16 P-37RECh-16 P-38RECh-16 P-39RECh-16 P-40RECh-16 P-41RECh-16 P-1PCh-16 P-2PCh-16 P-3PCh-16 P-5PCh-16 P-6P

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