# Composition diagrams, commonly known as “alpha plots,” are often used to visualize the species in a solution of an acid or base as the pH is varied. The diagram for 0.100 M acetic acid is shown here. The plot shows how the fraction [alpha ( α )] of acetic acid in solution, α = [ C H 3 C O 2 H ] [ C H 3 C O 2 H ] + [ C H 3 C O 2 − ] changes as the pH increases (blue curve). (The red curve shows how the fraction of acetate ion, CH 3 CO 2 − , changes as the pH increases.) Alpha plots are another way of viewing the relative concentrations of acetic acid and acetate ion as a strong base is added to a solution of acetic acid in the course of a titration. (a) Explain why the fraction of acetic acid declines and that of acetate ion increases as the pH increases. (b) Which species predominates at a pH of 4 , acetic acid or acetate ion? What is the situation at a pH of 6? (c) Consider the point where the two lines cross. The fraction of acetic acid in the solution is 0.5, and so is that of acetate ion. That is, the solution is half acid and half conjugate base; their concentrations are equal. At this point, the graph shows the pH is 4.74. Explain why the pH at this point is 4 74. ### Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640 ### Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

#### Solutions

Chapter 17, Problem 117SCQ
Textbook Problem

## Expert Solution

### Want to see the full answer?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

### Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects. 