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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 17, Problem 16QP
Textbook Problem
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Blood Types Are Determined by Cell-Surface Antigens

Is it more important that transfused blood have antigens that will not react with the recipient’s antibodies, or antibodies that will not react with the recipient’s antigens?

Summary Introduction

To explain: Whether it is important for the transfused blood not to have antibodies or is it important not to have antigens that react with donors blood.

Introduction: There are four different types of blood groups which are differentiated on the basis of the presence of the different surface antigen. The four blood groups are A, B, AB, and O. O blood groups do not have an antigen on their surface.

Explanation of Solution

In the case of blood transfusion, it is essential that antigens of the donor’s blood would not react with antibodies of the recipient. The reason for this is that if the recipient antibodies react with donor’s antigen, a clumping reaction will initiate. The immune cells of the body would recognize the donor antigen as a foreign particle...

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