(a) Interpretation: The part of the molecule that is responsible for absorbance at the given wavelength is to be stated. Concept introduction: The IR absorption spectroscopy makes use of a mid infrared light that detects the particular types of chemical bonds in a given sample for the purpose of the identification of organic and organomettalic compounds. In the IR absorption spectra, there are two regions: Functional group region and the fingerprint region.

BuyFind

Principles of Instrumental Analysis

7th Edition
Douglas A. Skoog + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305577213
BuyFind

Principles of Instrumental Analysis

7th Edition
Douglas A. Skoog + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305577213

Solutions

Chapter 17, Problem 17.1QAP
Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The part of the molecule that is responsible for absorbance at the given wavelength is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

The IR absorption spectroscopy makes use of a mid infrared light that detects the particular types of chemical bonds in a given sample for the purpose of the identification of organic and organomettalic compounds. In the IR absorption spectra, there are two regions: Functional group region and the fingerprint region.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 17.1QAP

The part of the molecule that is responsible for absorbance at the given wavelength is Carbonyl ( C=O ).

Explanation of Solution

Given information:

The IR absorption band is 5.86μm.

The expression for the wave number is:

WaveNumber=1λ   ......(I)

Here, the wavelength is λ.

Substitute 5.86μm for λ in Equation (I)

WaveNumber=15.86×106m=(0.1706×106m1)(1m102cm)=1706cm1

1706cm1 is the value responsible for the absorption of the carbonyl group.

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

A solvent that would be suitable for quantitative analysis of cyclohexanone at the given wavelength is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Quantitative analysis refers to the determination of relative or absolute quantity of a substance in a given sample. There are several methods of carrying out the quantitative analysis of the samples. These methods include gravimetric and volumetric analysis.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 17.1QAP

A solvent that would be suitable for quantitative analysis of cyclohexanone at the given wavelength is cyclohexane and any chlorinated solvent.

Explanation of Solution

The solvent that is suitable for quantitative analysis of cyclohexanone at the given wavelength should be cheap and less toxic in nature.

The solvents that can be used are cyclohexane and any chlorinated solvent.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The detection limit for the compound is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

The detection limit refers to the smallest quantity of the substance that can be differentiated from the absence of that particular substance with a certain level of confidence.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 17.1QAP

The detection limit for the compound is 0.005mg/mL.

Explanation of Solution

Given information:

Noise associated with the spectrum of the solvent is 0.001 absorbance units.

The expression for the Beer’s Law,

A=abc   ......(I)

Here, the absorbance is A, the concentration is c and the width of the sample cell is b.

Substitute 0.800 for A and 4.00mg/mL in Equation (I)

0.800=ab(4.00mg/mL)   ......(II)

Substitute 0.001 for A and cmin for c in Equation (I)

0.001=abcmin   ......(III)

Divide Equation (III) by Equation (II)

0.0010.800=cmin4.00mg/mLcmin=4.00mg/mL(0.0010.800)cmin=0.005mg/mL

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