Question
Chapter 17, Problem 2CR
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The relationship between the conjugate acid-base pair in a Bronsted-Lowry model is to be described. The balanced chemical equations for the given molecules/ions behaving as Bronsted-Lowry acids in water are to be stated and the balanced chemical equations for the given molecules/ions behaving as Bronsted-Lowry bases in water are to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

In a Bronsted-Lowry acid-base model, the conjugate acid is formed by accepting the proton by a base from acid and a conjugate base is formed by the donation of proton by an acid to a base.

Expert Solution & Answer

Answer to Problem 2CR

The relationship between the conjugate acid-base pair in a Bronsted-Lowry model is rightfully stated.

The chemical equation for HCl in water is shown below.

HCl+H2OH3O++Cl

The chemical equation for H2SO4 in water is shown below.

H2SO4+2H2O2H3O++SO42

The chemical equation for H3PO4 in water is shown below.

H3PO4+3H2O3H3O++PO43

The chemical equation for NH4+ in water is shown below.

NH4++H2OH3O++NH3

The chemical equation for NH3 in water is shown below.

NH3+H2ONH4++OH

The chemical equation for HCO3 in water is shown below.

HCO3+H2OH2CO3+OH

The chemical equation for NH2 in water is shown below.

NH2+H2ONH3+OH

The chemical equation for H2PO4 in water is shown below.

H2PO4+H2OH3PO4+OH.

Explanation of Solution

The chemical equation for HCl in water is shown below.

HCl+H2OH3O++Cl

The HCl acts a Bronsted-Lowry acid and donates its proton to water. Chloride ion is the conjugate base.

The chemical equation for H2SO4 in water is shown below.

H2SO4+2H2O2H3O++SO42

The H2SO4 acts a Bronsted-Lowry acid and donates its proton to water. Sulfate ion is the conjugate base.

The chemical equation for H3PO4 in water is shown below.

H3PO4+3H2O3H3O++PO43

The H3PO4 acts a Bronsted-Lowry acid and donates its proton to water. Phosphate ion is the conjugate base.

The chemical equation for NH4+ in water is shown below.

NH4++H2OH3O++NH3

The H2SO4 acts a Bronsted-Lowry acid and donates its proton to water. Ammonia is the conjugate base.

The chemical equation for NH3 in water is shown below.

NH3+H2ONH4++OH

The NH3 acts a Bronsted-Lowry base and accepts proton from water. Ammonium ion is the conjugate acid.

The chemical equation for HCO3 in water is shown below.

HCO3+H2OH2CO3+OH

The HCO3 acts a Bronsted-Lowry base and accepts proton from water. Carbonic acid is the conjugate acid.

The chemical equation for NH2 in water is shown below.

NH2+H2ONH3+OH

The NH2 acts a Bronsted-Lowry base and accepts proton from water. Ammonia is the conjugate acid.

The chemical equation for H2PO4 in water is shown below.

H2PO4+H2OH3PO4+OH

The H2PO4 acts a Bronsted-Lowry base and accepts proton from water. Phosphoric acid is the conjugate acid.

Conclusion

The relationship between the conjugate acid-base pair in a Bronsted-Lowry model is rightfully stated.

The chemical equation for HCl in water is shown below.

HCl+H2OH3O++Cl

The chemical equation for H2SO4 in water is shown below.

H2SO4+2H2O2H3O++SO42

The chemical equation for H3PO4 in water is shown below.

H3PO4+3H2O3H3O++PO43

The chemical equation for NH4+ in water is shown below.

NH4++H2OH3O++NH3

The chemical equation for NH3 in water is shown below.

NH3+H2ONH4++OH

The chemical equation for HCO3 in water is shown below.

HCO3+H2OH2CO3+OH

The chemical equation for NH2 in water is shown below.

NH2+H2ONH3+OH

The chemical equation for H2PO4 in water is shown below.

H2PO4+H2OH3PO4+OH.

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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
9th Edition
ISBN: 9781337399425
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
Publisher: Cengage Learning
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Chapter 17 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation

Ch. 17 - Prob. 1ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 2ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 3ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 4ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 5ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 6ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 7ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 8ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 9ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 10ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 11ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 12ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 13ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 14ALQCh. 17 - Prob. 1QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 2QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 3QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 4QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 5QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 6QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 7QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 8QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 9QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 10QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 11QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 12QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 13QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 14QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 15QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 16QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 17QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 18QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 19QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 20QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 21QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 22QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 23QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 24QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 25QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 26QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 27QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 28QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 29QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 30QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 31QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 32QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 33QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 34QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 35QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 36QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 37QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 38QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 39QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 40QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 41QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 42QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 43QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 44QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 45QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 46QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 47QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 48QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 49QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 50QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 51QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 52QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 53QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 54QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 55QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 56QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 57QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 58QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 59QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 60QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 61QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 62QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 63QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 64QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 65QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 66QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 67QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 68QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 69QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 70QAPCh. 17 - Prob. 71APCh. 17 - Prob. 72APCh. 17 - Prob. 73APCh. 17 - Prob. 74APCh. 17 - Prob. 75APCh. 17 - Prob. 76APCh. 17 - Prob. 77APCh. 17 - Prob. 78APCh. 17 - Prob. 79APCh. 17 - Prob. 80APCh. 17 - Prob. 81APCh. 17 - Prob. 82APCh. 17 - Prob. 83APCh. 17 - Prob. 84APCh. 17 - Prob. 85APCh. 17 - Prob. 86APCh. 17 - Prob. 87APCh. 17 - Prob. 88APCh. 17 - Prob. 89APCh. 17 - Prob. 90APCh. 17 - Prob. 91APCh. 17 - Prob. 92APCh. 17 - Prob. 93APCh. 17 - Prob. 94APCh. 17 - Prob. 95APCh. 17 - Prob. 96APCh. 17 - Prob. 97APCh. 17 - Prob. 98APCh. 17 - Prob. 99APCh. 17 - Prob. 100APCh. 17 - Prob. 101APCh. 17 - Prob. 102APCh. 17 - Prob. 103APCh. 17 - Prob. 104APCh. 17 - Prob. 105APCh. 17 - Prob. 106APCh. 17 - Prob. 107APCh. 17 - Prob. 108APCh. 17 - Prob. 109APCh. 17 - Prob. 110APCh. 17 - Prob. 111APCh. 17 - Prob. 112APCh. 17 - Prob. 113APCh. 17 - Prob. 114APCh. 17 - Prob. 115APCh. 17 - Prob. 116APCh. 17 - Prob. 117APCh. 17 - Prob. 118APCh. 17 - Prob. 119APCh. 17 - Prob. 120CPCh. 17 - Prob. 121CPCh. 17 - Prob. 122CPCh. 17 - Prob. 123CPCh. 17 - Prob. 124CPCh. 17 - Prob. 125CPCh. 17 - Prob. 126CPCh. 17 - Prob. 1CRCh. 17 - Prob. 2CRCh. 17 - Prob. 3CRCh. 17 - Prob. 4CRCh. 17 - Prob. 5CRCh. 17 - Prob. 6CRCh. 17 - Prob. 7CRCh. 17 - Prob. 8CRCh. 17 - Prob. 9CRCh. 17 - Prob. 10CRCh. 17 - Prob. 11CRCh. 17 - Prob. 12CRCh. 17 - Prob. 13CRCh. 17 - Prob. 14CRCh. 17 - Prob. 15CRCh. 17 - Prob. 16CRCh. 17 - Prob. 17CRCh. 17 - Prob. 18CRCh. 17 - Prob. 19CRCh. 17 - Prob. 20CRCh. 17 - Prob. 21CRCh. 17 - Prob. 22CRCh. 17 - Prob. 23CRCh. 17 - Prob. 24CR
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