close solutoin list

“The system” is a large ship and its contents. The inside of the ship and the air outside the ship are at the same temperature. The ship is sailing north at a constant speed of 20 knots. The engines are powered by burning liquid fuel, and the gaseous by-products (primarily carbon dioxide and water) are vented to the atmosphere, but nothing else enters or leaves the system. Some descriptions of this situation are given below. For each, indicate whether it is true or false, and explain why. A. The system is at a steady state, because its velocity is constant. However, it is not at equilibrium the fact that the ship is moving indicates that the forces are not balanced. B. The system is not a at steady state, because the amount of fuel inside the system is changing. However, the system is at equilibrium, because it is at the same temperature as the surroundings; there is no driving force for heat transfer. C. The system is neither at equilibrium nor at steady state. D. The system is adiabatic, because there is no temperature driving force that would cause heat transfer to occur. E. The system is an isolated system, because nothing is entering it and there is no heat transfer.

BuyFind

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineeri...

1st Edition
Kevin D. Dahm + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781111580704
BuyFind

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineeri...

1st Edition
Kevin D. Dahm + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781111580704

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 1.7, Problem 31P
Textbook Problem

“The system” is a large ship and its contents. The inside of the ship and the air outside the ship are at the same temperature. The ship is sailing north at a constant speed of 20 knots. The engines are powered by burning liquid fuel, and the gaseous by-products (primarily carbon dioxide and water) are vented to the atmosphere, but nothing else enters or leaves the system. Some descriptions of this situation are given below. For each, indicate whether it is true or false, and explain why.

A. The system is at a steady state, because its velocity is constant. However, it is not at equilibrium the fact that the ship is moving indicates that the forces are not balanced.

B. The system is not a at steady state, because the amount of fuel inside the system is changing. However, the system is at equilibrium, because it is at the same temperature as the surroundings; there is no driving force for heat transfer.

C. The system is neither at equilibrium nor at steady state.

D. The system is adiabatic, because there is no temperature driving force that would cause heat transfer to occur.

E. The system is an isolated system, because nothing is entering it and there is no heat transfer.

Expert Solution

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

See Solution

*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects.

Chapter 1 Solutions

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (MindTap Course List)
Show all chapter solutions

Additional Engineering Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions
What is a URL, and how is it used?

Fundamentals of Information Systems

For Problems 16.1 through 16.19, draw the top, the front, and the right-side orthographic views of the objects ...

Engineering Fundamentals: An Introduction to Engineering (MindTap Course List)

Case Study Amateur Sports League You are the new manager for a nonprofit amateur soccer league. You recently pu...

Enhanced Discovering Computers 2017 (Shelly Cashman Series) (MindTap Course List)

If your motherboard supports ECC DDR3 memory, can you substitute non-ECC DDR3 memory?

A+ Guide to Hardware (Standalone Book) (MindTap Course List)

Why should you never change the current setting during a weld?

Welding: Principles and Applications (MindTap Course List)