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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. For the reaction system
C ( s ) + H 2 O ( g ) H 2 ( g ) + CO ( g )    which has already reached a state of equilibrium, predict the effect that each of the following changes will have on the position of the equilibrium. Tell whether the equilibrium will shift to the right, will shift to the left, or will not be affected.
a. The pressure of hydrogen is increased by injecting an additional mole of hydrogen gas into the reaction vessel.
b. Carbon monoxide gas is removed as it forms by use of a chemical absorbent or “scrubber.”
c. An additional amount of solid carbon is added to the reaction vessel.

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium on increasing the pressure of hydrogen gas into the reaction vessel is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

Explanation

The given reaction system is,

C(s)+H2O(g)H2(g)+CO(g)

The system is at equilibrium

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium when carbon monoxide gas is removed from the reaction vessel is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium when an additional amount of solid carbon is added to the reaction vessel is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

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