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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Suppose the reaction system
CH 4 ( g ) + 2O 2 ( g ) CO 2 ( g ) + 2H 2 O ( l )    has already reached equilibrium. Predict the effect of each of the following changes on the position of the equilibrium. Tell whether the equilibrium will shift to the right, will shift to the left, or will not be affected.
a. Any liquid water present is removed from the system.
b. CO2is added to the system by dropping a chunk of dry ice into the reaction vessel.
c. The reaction is performed in a metal cylinder fined with a piston. and the piston is compressed to decrease the total volume of the system.
d. Additional O2(g) is added to the system from a cylinder of pure O2.

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium when any liquid water is removed from the given system is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

Explanation

The given reaction system is,

CH4(g)+2O2(g)CO2(g)+2H

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium when CO2 is added to the given system is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium when the reaction is performed in a metal cylinder fitted with a piston, and the piston is compressed to decrease the total volume of the given system is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The direction of equilibrium when additional O2(g) is added to the given system is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, when an external stress such as temperature, pressure and concentration is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system behave in such a way as to partially relieve that stress.

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Ch-17 P-1ALQCh-17 P-2ALQCh-17 P-3ALQCh-17 P-4ALQCh-17 P-5ALQCh-17 P-6ALQCh-17 P-7ALQCh-17 P-8ALQCh-17 P-9ALQCh-17 P-10ALQCh-17 P-11ALQCh-17 P-12ALQCh-17 P-13ALQCh-17 P-14ALQCh-17 P-1QAPCh-17 P-2QAPCh-17 P-3QAPCh-17 P-4QAPCh-17 P-5QAPCh-17 P-6QAPCh-17 P-7QAPCh-17 P-8QAPCh-17 P-9QAPCh-17 P-10QAPCh-17 P-11QAPCh-17 P-12QAPCh-17 P-13QAPCh-17 P-14QAPCh-17 P-15QAPCh-17 P-16QAPCh-17 P-17QAPCh-17 P-18QAPCh-17 P-19QAPCh-17 P-20QAPCh-17 P-21QAPCh-17 P-22QAPCh-17 P-23QAPCh-17 P-24QAPCh-17 P-25QAPCh-17 P-26QAPCh-17 P-27QAPCh-17 P-28QAPCh-17 P-29QAPCh-17 P-30QAPCh-17 P-31QAPCh-17 P-32QAPCh-17 P-33QAPCh-17 P-34QAPCh-17 P-35QAPCh-17 P-36QAPCh-17 P-37QAPCh-17 P-38QAPCh-17 P-39QAPCh-17 P-40QAPCh-17 P-41QAPCh-17 P-42QAPCh-17 P-43QAPCh-17 P-44QAPCh-17 P-45QAPCh-17 P-46QAPCh-17 P-47QAPCh-17 P-48QAPCh-17 P-49QAPCh-17 P-50QAPCh-17 P-51QAPCh-17 P-52QAPCh-17 P-53QAPCh-17 P-54QAPCh-17 P-55QAPCh-17 P-56QAPCh-17 P-57QAPCh-17 P-58QAPCh-17 P-59QAPCh-17 P-60QAPCh-17 P-61QAPCh-17 P-62QAPCh-17 P-63QAPCh-17 P-64QAPCh-17 P-65QAPCh-17 P-66QAPCh-17 P-67QAPCh-17 P-68QAPCh-17 P-69QAPCh-17 P-70QAPCh-17 P-71APCh-17 P-72APCh-17 P-73APCh-17 P-74APCh-17 P-75APCh-17 P-76APCh-17 P-77APCh-17 P-78APCh-17 P-79APCh-17 P-80APCh-17 P-81APCh-17 P-82APCh-17 P-83APCh-17 P-84APCh-17 P-85APCh-17 P-86APCh-17 P-87APCh-17 P-88APCh-17 P-89APCh-17 P-90APCh-17 P-91APCh-17 P-92APCh-17 P-93APCh-17 P-94APCh-17 P-95APCh-17 P-96APCh-17 P-97APCh-17 P-98APCh-17 P-99APCh-17 P-100APCh-17 P-101APCh-17 P-102APCh-17 P-103APCh-17 P-104APCh-17 P-105APCh-17 P-106APCh-17 P-107APCh-17 P-108APCh-17 P-109APCh-17 P-110APCh-17 P-111APCh-17 P-112APCh-17 P-113APCh-17 P-114APCh-17 P-115APCh-17 P-116APCh-17 P-117APCh-17 P-118APCh-17 P-119APCh-17 P-120CPCh-17 P-121CPCh-17 P-122CPCh-17 P-123CPCh-17 P-124CPCh-17 P-125CPCh-17 P-126CPCh-17 P-1CRCh-17 P-2CRCh-17 P-3CRCh-17 P-4CRCh-17 P-5CRCh-17 P-6CRCh-17 P-7CRCh-17 P-8CRCh-17 P-9CRCh-17 P-10CRCh-17 P-11CRCh-17 P-12CRCh-17 P-13CRCh-17 P-14CRCh-17 P-15CRCh-17 P-16CRCh-17 P-17CRCh-17 P-18CRCh-17 P-19CRCh-17 P-20CRCh-17 P-21CRCh-17 P-22CRCh-17 P-23CRCh-17 P-24CR

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