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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 17, Problem 3E
Textbook Problem
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Explain how aspirin produces the effects in problem 2.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The effects of aspirin mentioned in problem 2 are to be discussed.

Concept Introduction:

The original or chemical name of aspirin is acetylsalicylic acid.

Aspirin is an anti-inflammatory drug used to reduce pain and fever.

Prostaglandins are fatty acid derivatives involved in a number of physiological processes.

Explanation of Solution

An aspirin works as an analgesic, that is, it reduces pain, as well as an antipyretic, that is, it reduces fever. When a foreign particle enters our body, it releases specialized cells called pyrogens, which enhance the release of prostaglandin, which increases the temperature of the body...

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Chapter 17 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 17 - Explain how antibiotics were discovered.Ch. 17 - How do penicillins and cephalosporins kill...Ch. 17 - How do tetracyclines kill bacteria?Ch. 17 - Why can antibiotics lose their effectiveness over...Ch. 17 - Explain the difference between bacteria and...Ch. 17 - What is a retrovirus?Ch. 17 - How do nucleoside/nucleotide analogs kill viruses?Ch. 17 - Explain the role of AZT in the battle against...Ch. 17 - How do protease inhibitors work? What is their...Ch. 17 - Why is the multidrug approach important in...Ch. 17 - What is a hormone?Ch. 17 - What is the role of testosterone in males?Ch. 17 - What is the role of estrogen and progesterone in...Ch. 17 - How does the birth control pill work? What are its...Ch. 17 - What is the mini pill? How is it different from...Ch. 17 - What are steroids? Give three examples of steroids...Ch. 17 - What do cortisone and prednisone do? What are the...Ch. 17 - What do the anabolic steroids do? What are the...Ch. 17 - What is the difference between cancerous cells and...Ch. 17 - What are the side effects of chemotherapy?Ch. 17 - How do cancer-fighting chemicals target cancerous...Ch. 17 - Explain how each of the following cancer drugs...Ch. 17 - What is a depressant? What are the effects of...Ch. 17 - Where and how fast is ethanol metabolized?Ch. 17 - What are the risks associated with heavy drinking?Ch. 17 - What are the symptoms of alcoholism?Ch. 17 - How do barbiturates and benzodiazepines work? Give...Ch. 17 - List some common depressant inhalants used for...Ch. 17 - What are the dangers associated with...Ch. 17 - What are the side effects of inhaling the vapors...Ch. 17 - What is a narcotic? Give some examples.Ch. 17 - How do narcotics work?Ch. 17 - Where does morphine come from, and what are its...Ch. 17 - What are the effects of codeine and heroin? How do...Ch. 17 - What are agonists and antagonists?Ch. 17 - How do drugs like naltrexone and methadone help a...Ch. 17 - What are endorphins?Ch. 17 - What is a stimulant? Give some examples.Ch. 17 - What are the effects of cocaine and amphetamine?...Ch. 17 - How does caffeine produce its stimulant effect?Ch. 17 - What are the side effects of caffeine?Ch. 17 - How does nicotine produce its stimulant effect?Ch. 17 - What are the side effects of smoking?Ch. 17 - What is a hallucinogen? Give some examples.Ch. 17 - How do hallucinogens produce their...Ch. 17 - Who discovered LSD? How?Ch. 17 - What are the primary effects of LSD and of...Ch. 17 - What are the side effects of LSD?Ch. 17 - What is the active ingredient in marijuana?Ch. 17 - What are the primary effects of marijuana? What...Ch. 17 - What qualifies a depressed state as one requiring...Ch. 17 - How do Prozac and Zoloft produce their...Ch. 17 - Draw the chemical structure of aspirin, and...Ch. 17 - Draw the chemical structure of ibuprofen, and...Ch. 17 - Childrens Tylenol is a solution containing 32...Ch. 17 - Childrens ibuprofen is a solution containing 20...Ch. 17 - A childs dose of the antibiotic Amoxicillin is 25...Ch. 17 - A childs dose of the antibiotic Azithromycin is 25...Ch. 17 - The toxicity of many drugs is quantified by a...Ch. 17 - The LD50 (see problem 68) of cocaine in rats is...Ch. 17 - The growth in our knowledge of the chemical origin...Ch. 17 - Our senses produce a chemically mediated signal...Ch. 17 - A continuing debate in our society is over the...Ch. 17 - Although our society has condoned the recreational...Ch. 17 - A controversial book called Listening to Prozac...Ch. 17 - The life expectancy in the United States has risen...Ch. 17 - The cost of health care in the United States...Ch. 17 - Write down the last five prescription or over-the-...Ch. 17 - Survey 30 classmates, asking them to recall the...

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