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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Old fashioned “smelling salts” consist of ammonium carbonate, ( NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 . The reaction for the decomposition of ammonium carbonate ( NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 ( s ) 2 NH 3 ( g ) + CO 2 ( g ) + H 2 O ( g ) is endothermic. What would be the effect on the position of this equilibrium if the reaction were performed at a higher temperature?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The effect of an increase in temperature on the position of the equilibrium of the given reaction is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical reactions in which energy is released from dissociation during the formation of products are known as exothermic reactions. In endothermic reactions, reactants absorb energy to form the desired products. Exothermic and endothermic reactions are opposite to each other.

According to the Le Chatelier’s principle, the change in concentration, volume, pressure and temperature affects the equilibrium constant of the reaction.

Explanation

The given reaction is,

(NH4)2CO3(s)2NH3(g)+CO2

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