BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

For each of the following insoluble salts, (1) write a balanced equation showing the equilibrium occurring when the salt is added to water, and (2) write the Ksp expression.

(a) AgCN

(b) NiCO3

(c) AuBr3

a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The balanced chemical equation at the equilibrium condition, attained, when the given salt AgCN added to the water has to be written; and also Ksp expression has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Balanced chemical equation: When a salt is added to water it dissociates into its constituent ions in water and an equilibrium is attained between the undissolved salt and dissolved ions.

For example when a salt AxBy is dissolved in water following equilibrium exist and the balanced chemical equation can be written as follows,

  AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)

Here,

  • x is the coefficient of cation A+y
  • y is the coefficient of anion Bx

Solubility product constant Ksp : It is an equilibrium constant and is defined as the product of the equilibrium concentration of the ions of the salt raised to the power of their coefficients in the balanced chemical equation.

The expression for Ksp of a salt is given as,

AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)Ksp=[Ay+]x[Bx]y

Explanation
  • Balanced equation: When AgCN is dissolved in water it dissociates into its constituent ions, Ag+ and CN. AgCN is slightly soluble in water and therefore when dissolved in water an equilibrium is attained between undissolved solid AgCN and dissolved ions Ag+,CN.

The balanced chemical equation for AgCN in water is given as,

  AgCN(s)Ag+(aq)+CN(aq)

  • Solubility product constant

b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The balanced chemical equation at the equilibrium condition, attained, when the given salt NiCO3 added to the water has to be written; and also Ksp expression has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Balanced chemical equation: When a salt is added to water it dissociates into its constituent ions in water and an equilibrium is attained between the undissolved salt and dissolved ions.

For example when a salt AxBy is dissolved in water following equilibrium exist and the balanced chemical equation can be written as follows,

  AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)

Here,

  • x is the coefficient of cation A+y
  • y is the coefficient of anion Bx

Solubility product constant Ksp : It is an equilibrium constant and is defined as the product of the equilibrium concentration of the ions of the salt raised to the power of their coefficients in the balanced chemical equation.

The expression for Ksp of a salt is given as,

AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)Ksp=[Ay+]x[Bx]y

c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The balanced chemical equation at the equilibrium condition, attained, when the given salt AuBr3 added to the water has to be written; and also Ksp expression has to be written.

Concept introduction:

Balanced chemical equation: When a salt is added to water it dissociates into its constituent ions in water and an equilibrium is attained between the undissolved salt and dissolved ions.

For example when a salt AxBy is dissolved in water following equilibrium exist and the balanced chemical equation can be written as follows,

  AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)

Here,

  • x is the coefficient of cation A+y
  • y is the coefficient of anion Bx

Solubility product constant Ksp : It is an equilibrium constant and is defined as the product of the equilibrium concentration of the ions of the salt raised to the power of their coefficients in the balanced chemical equation.

The expression for Ksp of a salt is given as,

AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)Ksp=[Ay+]x[Bx]y

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 17 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-17.4 P-17.11CYUSect-17.5 P-17.12CYUSect-17.5 P-17.13CYUSect-17.5 P-17.14CYUSect-17.6 P-17.15CYUSect-17.6 P-17.16CYUSect-17.6 P-1.1ACPSect-17.6 P-1.2ACPSect-17.6 P-1.3ACPSect-17.6 P-1.4ACPSect-17.6 P-1.5ACPSect-17.6 P-2.1ACPSect-17.6 P-2.2ACPCh-17 P-1PSCh-17 P-2PSCh-17 P-3PSCh-17 P-4PSCh-17 P-5PSCh-17 P-6PSCh-17 P-7PSCh-17 P-8PSCh-17 P-9PSCh-17 P-10PSCh-17 P-11PSCh-17 P-12PSCh-17 P-13PSCh-17 P-14PSCh-17 P-15PSCh-17 P-16PSCh-17 P-17PSCh-17 P-18PSCh-17 P-19PSCh-17 P-20PSCh-17 P-21PSCh-17 P-22PSCh-17 P-23PSCh-17 P-24PSCh-17 P-25PSCh-17 P-26PSCh-17 P-27PSCh-17 P-28PSCh-17 P-29PSCh-17 P-30PSCh-17 P-31PSCh-17 P-32PSCh-17 P-33PSCh-17 P-35PSCh-17 P-36PSCh-17 P-37PSCh-17 P-38PSCh-17 P-39PSCh-17 P-40PSCh-17 P-41PSCh-17 P-42PSCh-17 P-43PSCh-17 P-44PSCh-17 P-45PSCh-17 P-46PSCh-17 P-47PSCh-17 P-48PSCh-17 P-49PSCh-17 P-50PSCh-17 P-51PSCh-17 P-52PSCh-17 P-53PSCh-17 P-54PSCh-17 P-55PSCh-17 P-56PSCh-17 P-57PSCh-17 P-58PSCh-17 P-59PSCh-17 P-60PSCh-17 P-61PSCh-17 P-62PSCh-17 P-63PSCh-17 P-64PSCh-17 P-65PSCh-17 P-66PSCh-17 P-67PSCh-17 P-68PSCh-17 P-69PSCh-17 P-70PSCh-17 P-71PSCh-17 P-72PSCh-17 P-73PSCh-17 P-74PSCh-17 P-75PSCh-17 P-76PSCh-17 P-77GQCh-17 P-78GQCh-17 P-79GQCh-17 P-80GQCh-17 P-81GQCh-17 P-82GQCh-17 P-83GQCh-17 P-84GQCh-17 P-85GQCh-17 P-86GQCh-17 P-87GQCh-17 P-88GQCh-17 P-89GQCh-17 P-90GQCh-17 P-91GQCh-17 P-92GQCh-17 P-93GQCh-17 P-94GQCh-17 P-95GQCh-17 P-96GQCh-17 P-97GQCh-17 P-98GQCh-17 P-99GQCh-17 P-100GQCh-17 P-101ILCh-17 P-102ILCh-17 P-103ILCh-17 P-104ILCh-17 P-105ILCh-17 P-106ILCh-17 P-107ILCh-17 P-108ILCh-17 P-109ILCh-17 P-110ILCh-17 P-111ILCh-17 P-112ILCh-17 P-113SCQCh-17 P-114SCQCh-17 P-115SCQCh-17 P-116SCQCh-17 P-117SCQCh-17 P-118SCQCh-17 P-119SCQCh-17 P-120SCQ

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Legumes are a particularly nutritious choice among protein-rich foods because they also provide a. vitamin C an...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Why does the body need so many different enzymes?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

An adventurous archeologist (m = 85.0 kg) tries cross a river by swinging from a vine. The vine is 10.0 m long,...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)