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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

What types of experiments can be carried out to determine whether a reaction is spontaneous? Does spontaneity have any relationship to the final equilibrium position of a reaction? Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The experiment that can determine if a reaction is spontaneous or not is to be stated. The relationship between spontaneity and the final equilibrium position of a reaction is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Gibb’s free energy is defined as the measure of the potential corresponding to the maximum work that is performed by a system at a constant pressure and temperature. It is calculated by the formula,

ΔG=ΔHTΔS

To determine: The experiment that can determine if a reaction is spontaneous or not and the relationship between spontaneity and the final equilibrium position of a reaction.

Explanation

Explanation

The spontaneity of a reaction can be determined by the formula,

ΔG=ΔHTΔS .

The ΔG for a spontaneous reaction is always negative and for a non-spontaneous reaction, it is positive

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