Chapter 1.7, Problem 4E

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8th Edition

Gilbert + 2 others

ISBN: 9781285463230

Textbook Problem

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Let

a. Prove that “congruence modulo

” is an equivalence relation.

b. List five members of each of the equivalence classes

**a**)

To determine

**To prove:**

The relation “congruence modulo

Explanation

**Formula Used:**

The relation “congruence modulo *n*” is defined on the set **Z** of all integers as follows:

*x* is congruent to *y* modulo *n* if and only if *n*. That is,

**Proof:**

A relation *R* on a nonempty set *A* is an equivalence relation if the following conditions are satisfied for arbitrary *x*, *y*, and *z* in *A*:

1.

2. If

3. If

Consider the relation

1.

2.

**b**)

To determine

The five members of each of the following equivalence classes

Sect-1.1 P-1TFESect-1.1 P-2TFESect-1.1 P-3TFESect-1.1 P-4TFESect-1.1 P-5TFESect-1.1 P-6TFESect-1.1 P-7TFESect-1.1 P-8TFESect-1.1 P-9TFESect-1.1 P-10TFE

Sect-1.1 P-1ESect-1.1 P-2ESect-1.1 P-3ESect-1.1 P-4ESect-1.1 P-5ESect-1.1 P-6ESect-1.1 P-7ESect-1.1 P-8ESect-1.1 P-9ESect-1.1 P-10ESect-1.1 P-11ESect-1.1 P-12ESect-1.1 P-13ESect-1.1 P-14ESect-1.1 P-15ESect-1.1 P-16ESect-1.1 P-17ESect-1.1 P-18ESect-1.1 P-19ESect-1.1 P-20ESect-1.1 P-21ESect-1.1 P-22ESect-1.1 P-23ESect-1.1 P-24ESect-1.1 P-25ESect-1.1 P-26ESect-1.1 P-27ESect-1.1 P-28ESect-1.1 P-29ESect-1.1 P-30ESect-1.1 P-31ESect-1.1 P-32ESect-1.1 P-33ESect-1.1 P-34ESect-1.1 P-35ESect-1.1 P-36ESect-1.1 P-37ESect-1.1 P-38ESect-1.1 P-39ESect-1.1 P-40ESect-1.1 P-41ESect-1.1 P-42ESect-1.1 P-43ESect-1.2 P-1TFESect-1.2 P-2TFESect-1.2 P-3TFESect-1.2 P-4TFESect-1.2 P-5TFESect-1.2 P-6TFESect-1.2 P-7TFESect-1.2 P-8TFESect-1.2 P-9TFESect-1.2 P-1ESect-1.2 P-2ESect-1.2 P-3ESect-1.2 P-4ESect-1.2 P-5ESect-1.2 P-6ESect-1.2 P-7ESect-1.2 P-8ESect-1.2 P-9ESect-1.2 P-10ESect-1.2 P-11ESect-1.2 P-12ESect-1.2 P-13ESect-1.2 P-14ESect-1.2 P-15ESect-1.2 P-16ESect-1.2 P-17ESect-1.2 P-18ESect-1.2 P-19ESect-1.2 P-20ESect-1.2 P-21ESect-1.2 P-22ESect-1.2 P-23ESect-1.2 P-24ESect-1.2 P-25ESect-1.2 P-26ESect-1.2 P-27ESect-1.2 P-28ESect-1.3 P-1TFESect-1.3 P-2TFESect-1.3 P-3TFESect-1.3 P-4TFESect-1.3 P-5TFESect-1.3 P-6TFESect-1.3 P-1ESect-1.3 P-2ESect-1.3 P-3ESect-1.3 P-4ESect-1.3 P-5ESect-1.3 P-6ESect-1.3 P-7ESect-1.3 P-8ESect-1.3 P-9ESect-1.3 P-10ESect-1.3 P-11ESect-1.3 P-12ESect-1.4 P-1TFESect-1.4 P-2TFESect-1.4 P-3TFESect-1.4 P-4TFESect-1.4 P-5TFESect-1.4 P-6TFESect-1.4 P-7TFESect-1.4 P-8TFESect-1.4 P-9TFESect-1.4 P-1ESect-1.4 P-2ESect-1.4 P-3ESect-1.4 P-4ESect-1.4 P-5ESect-1.4 P-6ESect-1.4 P-7ESect-1.4 P-8ESect-1.4 P-9ESect-1.4 P-10ESect-1.4 P-11ESect-1.4 P-12ESect-1.4 P-13ESect-1.4 P-14ESect-1.4 P-15ESect-1.4 P-16ESect-1.5 P-1TFESect-1.5 P-2TFESect-1.5 P-3TFESect-1.5 P-1ESect-1.5 P-2ESect-1.5 P-3ESect-1.5 P-4ESect-1.5 P-5ESect-1.5 P-6ESect-1.5 P-7ESect-1.5 P-8ESect-1.5 P-9ESect-1.5 P-10ESect-1.6 P-1TFESect-1.6 P-2TFESect-1.6 P-3TFESect-1.6 P-4TFESect-1.6 P-5TFESect-1.6 P-6TFESect-1.6 P-7TFESect-1.6 P-8TFESect-1.6 P-9TFESect-1.6 P-10TFESect-1.6 P-11TFESect-1.6 P-12TFESect-1.6 P-1ESect-1.6 P-2ESect-1.6 P-3ESect-1.6 P-4ESect-1.6 P-5ESect-1.6 P-6ESect-1.6 P-7ESect-1.6 P-8ESect-1.6 P-9ESect-1.6 P-10ESect-1.6 P-11ESect-1.6 P-12ESect-1.6 P-13ESect-1.6 P-14ESect-1.6 P-15ESect-1.6 P-16ESect-1.6 P-17ESect-1.6 P-18ESect-1.6 P-19ESect-1.6 P-20ESect-1.6 P-21ESect-1.6 P-22ESect-1.6 P-23ESect-1.6 P-24ESect-1.6 P-25ESect-1.6 P-26ESect-1.6 P-27ESect-1.6 P-28ESect-1.6 P-29ESect-1.6 P-30ESect-1.6 P-31ESect-1.6 P-32ESect-1.7 P-1TFESect-1.7 P-2TFESect-1.7 P-3TFESect-1.7 P-4TFESect-1.7 P-5TFESect-1.7 P-6TFESect-1.7 P-1ESect-1.7 P-2ESect-1.7 P-3ESect-1.7 P-4ESect-1.7 P-5ESect-1.7 P-6ESect-1.7 P-7ESect-1.7 P-8ESect-1.7 P-9ESect-1.7 P-10ESect-1.7 P-11ESect-1.7 P-12ESect-1.7 P-13ESect-1.7 P-14ESect-1.7 P-15ESect-1.7 P-16ESect-1.7 P-17ESect-1.7 P-18ESect-1.7 P-19ESect-1.7 P-20ESect-1.7 P-21ESect-1.7 P-22ESect-1.7 P-23ESect-1.7 P-24ESect-1.7 P-25ESect-1.7 P-26ESect-1.7 P-27ESect-1.7 P-28ESect-1.7 P-29ESect-1.7 P-30E

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