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Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

8th Edition
William L. Masterton + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079373

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

8th Edition
William L. Masterton + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079373
Chapter 17, Problem 58QAP
Textbook Problem
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Calculate K at 25°C for each of the reactions referred to in Question 32. Assume smallest whole-number coefficients.

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The value of K for the given cell reaction containing chromium and tin ions needs to be determined.

Concept introduction:

The standard electrode potential of a cell denoted by E° is the electrode potential of the cell measured under standard conditions in volts. The standard Gibbs free energy of a system is the change in the free energy of the system measured under standard conditions of 1 atm pressure and 298 Kelvin temperature.

Explanation of Solution

The value of E° of the cell is 0.562V.

The relation between ΔG° and E° of the cell is given by the following equation:

ΔGο=-nFEcellο

Here F is the Faradays constant whose value is 96500C/mole e-

And n is given to be 2 mole e-

Substituting all the values in this equation:

ΔGο=-nFEcellοΔGο=-2mole e-×96500C/mole e-×0.562VΔGο=-108466JΔGο=-108

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The value of K for the given cell reaction containing manganese ion and hydrogen peroxide needs to be determined.

Concept introduction:

The standard electrode potential of a cell denoted by E° is the electrode potential of the cell measured under standard conditions in volts. The standard Gibbs free energy of a system is the change in the free energy of the system measured under standard conditions of 1 atm pressure and 298 Kelvin temperature.

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Chapter 17 Solutions

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
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Ch. 17 - Write a balanced chemical equation for the overall...Ch. 17 - Write a balanced net ionic equation for the...Ch. 17 - Draw a diagram for a salt bridge cell for each of...Ch. 17 - Follow the directions in Question 13 for the...Ch. 17 - Consider a voltaic salt bridge cell represented by...Ch. 17 - Consider a salt bridge voltaic cell represented by...Ch. 17 - Consider a salt bridge cell in which the anode is...Ch. 17 - Follow the directions in Question 17 for a salt...Ch. 17 - Which species in the pair is the stronger...Ch. 17 - Which species in each pair is the stronger...Ch. 17 - Using Table 17.1, arrange the following reducing...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to arrange the following oxidizing...Ch. 17 - Consider the following species. Cr3+ Hg(l) H2...Ch. 17 - Follow the directions of Question 23 for the...Ch. 17 - For the following half-reactions, answer these...Ch. 17 - For the following half-reactions, answer the...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to select (a) a reducing agent in...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to select (a) an oxidizing agent in...Ch. 17 - Calculate E° for the following voltaic cells: (a)...Ch. 17 - Calculate E° for the following voltaic cells: (a)...Ch. 17 - Using Table 17.1, calculate E° for the reaction...Ch. 17 - Using Table 17.1, calculate E° for the reaction...Ch. 17 - Calculate E° for the following cells: (a)...Ch. 17 - Calculate E° for the following cells: (a)...Ch. 17 - Suppose Ered for Ag+Ag were set equal to zero...Ch. 17 - Suppose Ered for H+H2 were taken to be 0.300 V...Ch. 17 - Which of the following reactions is/are...Ch. 17 - Which of the following reactions is(are)...Ch. 17 - Use the following half-equations to write three...Ch. 17 - Follow the directions of Question 39 for the...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to answer the following questions:...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to answer the following questions....Ch. 17 - Write the equation for the reaction, if any, that...Ch. 17 - Write the equation for the reaction, if any, that...Ch. 17 - Ch. 17 - Which of the following species will be oxidize by...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to predict what reaction, if any,...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to predict what reaction, if any,...Ch. 17 - Consider a cell reaction at 25°C where n=2 . Fill...Ch. 17 - Consider a cell reaction at 25°C where n=4 . Fill...Ch. 17 - For a certain cell, G=25.0 kJ. Calculate E° if n...Ch. 17 - For a certain cell, E=1.08 V. Calculate G° if n is...Ch. 17 - Calculate E°, G°, and K at 25°C for the reaction...Ch. 17 - Calculate E°, G°, and K at 25°C for the reaction...Ch. 17 - Calculate G° at 25°C for each of the reactions...Ch. 17 - Calculate G° at 25°C for each of the reactions...Ch. 17 - Calculate K at 25°C for each of the reactions...Ch. 17 - Calculate K at 25°C for each of the reactions...Ch. 17 - Consider the reaction for the formation of the...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to find Kffor AuCl4- (aq) at 25°C.Ch. 17 - Given the following information:...Ch. 17 - What is E° at 25°C for the following reaction?...Ch. 17 - Consider a voltaic cell at 25°C in which the...Ch. 17 - Consider a voltaic cell at 25°C in which the...Ch. 17 - Consider a voltaic cell in which the following...Ch. 17 - Consider a voltaic cell in which the following...Ch. 17 - Calculate the voltages of the following cells at...Ch. 17 - Calculate the voltages of the following cells at...Ch. 17 - Consider the reaction...Ch. 17 - Consider the reaction at 25°C:...Ch. 17 - Complete the following cell notation....Ch. 17 - Complete the following cell notation....Ch. 17 - Consider the reaction below at 25°C:...Ch. 17 - Consider the reaction low at 25°C:...Ch. 17 - Consider a cell in which the reaction is...Ch. 17 - Consider a cell in which the reaction is...Ch. 17 - An electrolytic cell produces aluminum from Al2O3...Ch. 17 - The electrolysis of an aqueous solution of NaCl...Ch. 17 - A solution containing a metal ion (M2+(aq)) is...Ch. 17 - A solution containing a metal ion (M2+(aq)) is...Ch. 17 - A baby's spoon with an area of 6.25 cm2 is plated...Ch. 17 - A metallurgist wants to gold-plate an object with...Ch. 17 - A lead storage battery delivers a current of 6.00...Ch. 17 - Calcium metal can be obtained by the direct...Ch. 17 - Given the following data:...Ch. 17 - In a nickel-cadmium battery (Nicad), cadmium is...Ch. 17 - Hydrogen gas is produced when water is...Ch. 17 - Consider the electrolysis of NiCl2 to Ni(s) and...Ch. 17 - An electrolysis experiment is performed to...Ch. 17 - An electrolytic cell consists of a 100.0-g strip...Ch. 17 - After use, a nickel-cadmium battery (Nicad) has...Ch. 17 - Consider the following reaction carried out at...Ch. 17 - Atomic masses can be determined by electrolysis....Ch. 17 - Consider the following reaction at 25°C:...Ch. 17 - Given the standard reduction potential for...Ch. 17 - Choose the figure that best represents the results...Ch. 17 - For the cell: Cr|Cr3+Co2+|Co E° is 0.46 V. The...Ch. 17 - Which of the changes below will increase the...Ch. 17 - The standard potential for the reduction of AgSCN...Ch. 17 - Consider the following standard reduction...Ch. 17 - Use Table 17.1 to answer the following questions....Ch. 17 - Consider three metals, X, Y, and Z, and their...Ch. 17 - An alloy made up of tin and copper is prepared by...Ch. 17 - In a fully charged lead storage battery, the...Ch. 17 - Consider a voltaic cell in which the following...Ch. 17 - In biological systems, acetate ion is converted to...Ch. 17 - Consider the cell Pt|H2|H+H+|H2|Pt In the anode...Ch. 17 - A hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell operates on the...Ch. 17 - An alloy is made up of 68% zinc and 32% tin. It is...

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