Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909



Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is the most common sleep disorder?

A. Insomnia

B. Narcolepsy

C. Sleep apnea

D. Restless legs syndrome

Summary Introduction


Sleep disorders are defined as changes in the regular sleep pattern of an individual. Sleep is a necessary factor in maintaining a healthy work-life balance. Sleep disorders occur due to various reasons, such as a change in lifestyle, drug intake, pathological disorders, heredity, and many other factors.


Justifications/ Explanations for the correct answer:

Option (a) is given as insomnia. It can simply be described as the inability of an individual to fall asleep, or to remain in a state of sleep. Insomnia can be divided into several types, based on time duration. The major cause of insomnia includes unfavorable environment, physical or mental illness, hypermetabolism, and the inability to rest under the influence of an external stimuli such as noise or temperature. There are many factors that leads to insomnia, which is why it is the most common sleep disorder. Hence, option (a) is correct.

Explanation for the incorrect answer:

Option (b) is given as narcolepsy. It is a heredity sleep disorder that involves a sudden transition to REM sleep, and the person faces a total loss of muscle control or muscle tone. Hallucinations and sleep paralysis are observed in individuals suffering from narcolepsy...

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