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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. The solubility product constant, Ksp, for calcium carbonate at room temperature is approximately 3.0 × 10 9 . Calculate the solubility of CaCO3in grams per liter under these conditions.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The solubility for calcium carbonate, CaCO3 in g/L at room temperature is to be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

The solubility product is represented by Ksp. The solubility product describes the solubility of the solid substance in the solvent at the particular temperature. The term “solubility product” is only used for those substances that are not completely soluble in water.

Explanation

The Ksp value for calcium carbonate, CaCO3 is 3.0×109 at room temperature. The chemical reaction for the solubility of CaCO3 is,

CaCO3(s)Ca2+(aq)+CO32(aq)xx

Where x shows the solubility of each ion in mol/L.

The expression for the solubility product ( Ksp ) of calcium carbonate is given as,

Ksp=[Ca2+][CO32]2=x×x=x2

Substitute the Ksp value for calcium carbonate, CaCO3 in the given equation

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