   Chapter 17, Problem 64PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Which compound in each pair is more soluble in water than is predicted by a calculation from Ksp? (a) AgI or Ag2CO3 (b) PbCO3 or PbCl2 (c) AgCl or AgCN

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Using Ksp value, the salt that will be more soluble in each pair has to be decided.

Concept introduction:

The solubility of a salt is defined as the maximum amount of salt that can be dissolved in definite amount of solvent. It is expressed in moles per liter or grams per liter. Solubility in terms of moles per liter is called molar solubility and is defined as the number of moles of solute (salt) dissolved in per liter of solution.

Solubility product constant Ksp is an equilibrium constant and is defined as the product of the equilibrium concentration of the ions of the salt raised to the power of their coefficients in the balanced chemical equation.

The expression for Ksp of a salt is given as,

AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)Ksp=[Ay+]x[Bx]y

Explanation

Refer to the Appendix J in the textbook for the value of Ksp.

Solubility product constant Ksp for AgI is 8.5×1017 and for Ag2CO3 is 8.5×1012.

Ksp(Ag2CO3</

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Using Ksp value, the salt that will be more soluble in each pair has to be decided.

Concept introduction:

The solubility of a salt is defined as the maximum amount of salt that can be dissolved in definite amount of solvent. It is expressed in moles per liter or grams per liter. Solubility in terms of moles per liter is called molar solubility and is defined as the number of moles of solute (salt) dissolved in per liter of solution.

Solubility product constant Ksp is an equilibrium constant and is defined as the product of the equilibrium concentration of the ions of the salt raised to the power of their coefficients in the balanced chemical equation.

The expression for Ksp of a salt is given as,

AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)Ksp=[Ay+]x[Bx]y

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Using Ksp value, the salt that will be more soluble in each pair has to be decided.

Concept introduction:

The solubility of a salt is defined as the maximum amount of salt that can be dissolved in definite amount of solvent. It is expressed in moles per liter or grams per liter. Solubility in terms of moles per liter is called molar solubility and is defined as the number of moles of solute (salt) dissolved in per liter of solution.

Solubility product constant Ksp is an equilibrium constant and is defined as the product of the equilibrium concentration of the ions of the salt raised to the power of their coefficients in the balanced chemical equation.

The expression for Ksp of a salt is given as,

AxBy(s)xAy+(aq)+yBx(aq)Ksp=[Ay+]x[Bx]y

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