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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Explain the collision model for chemical reactions. What “collides”? Do all collisions result in the breaking of bonds and formation of products? Why? How does the collision model explain why higher concentrations and higher temperatures tend to make reactions occur faster?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The collision model for chemical reactions is to be explained. The term “collides” is to be defined. Whether all collisions result in the breaking of bonds and formation of products is to be predicted and an explanation for the same is to be stated. The reason behind the explanation of an increase in the rate of the reaction with higher concentrations and higher temperatures by the collision model is to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

The reactant molecules collide with each other to form the final product. The collision among the reactant molecules is explained by the collision model. The factors that affect collisions among molecules are temperature and concentration.

Explanation

The collision model for chemical reactions states that the conversion of reactants into products takes place due to the occurrence of molecular collisions between reactant molecules. During the reaction, reactant molecules collide with each other. The term “collides” describes that two or more starting materials or reactants exert forces on each other. All collisions do not result in the breaking of bonds and the formation of products. The bonds in reactant molecules possess specific energy. The bonds get broken only when collisions among reactant molecules overcome the bond energy. The number of collisions increases among the reactants when concentration and temperature are increased...

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