   Chapter 17.1, Problem 13E

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Solve the differential equation.13. 3   d 2 V d t 2 +   4 d V d t   +   3 V   =   0

To determine

To solve: The differential equation of 3d2Vdt2+4dVdt+3V=0 .

Explanation

Formula used:

Write the expression for differential equation.

ay+by+cy=0 (1)

Write the expression for auxiliary equation.

ar2+br+c=0 (2)

Write the expression for the complex roots.

r=α±iβ (3)

Write the expression for general solution of ay+by+cy=0 with complex roots.

y=eαx(c1cosβx+c2sinβx) (4)

Here,

α is the real part of the root, and

β is the imaginary part of the root.

Write the expression to find the roots of quadratic equation.

r=b±b24ac2a (5)

Consider the differential equation as follows.

3d2Vdt2+4dVdt+3V=0 (6)

Modify equation (1) as follows.

Compare equation (6) and (7).

a=3b=4c=3

Find the auxiliary equation.

Substitute 3 for a , 4 for b and 3 for c in equation (2),

(3)r2+(4)r+(3)=03r2+4r+3=0

Find the roots of equation using equation (5)

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