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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Why is fluorine always assigned an oxidation slate of −1? What oxidation number is usually assigned to the other halogen elements when they occur in compounds? In an interhalogen Corn- pound involving fluorine (such as ClF), which atom has a negative oxidation state?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason for why fluorine is always assigned an oxidation state of -1 and the oxidation number usually assigned to other halogen elements when they occur in the compounds should be determined. The atom which has a negative oxidation state in an interhalogen compound involving fluorine should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

The oxidation state is defined as the charge(s) that an atom would have when electron(s) were transferred completely from a molecule or ion.

Explanation

The oxidation state is defined as the charge(s) that an atom would have when electron(s) were transferred completely from a molecule or ion.

Since, fluorine is the most electronegative element so the oxidation state is always negative for fluorine, in order to complete its octet fluorine gains only one electron, so its oxidation number is always -1 in compound. The oxidation number usually assigned to other halogen elements when they occur in the compounds is -1 as they are electronegative and in order to complete their octet they gain only one electron...

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