BuyFind

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calcu...

6th Edition
Stewart + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780840068071
BuyFind

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calcu...

6th Edition
Stewart + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780840068071

Solutions

Chapter 1.8, Problem 113E

(a)

To determine

To find: The straight line distance between blocks A and B.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 113E

The straight line distance between blocks A and B is 5 blocks.

Explanation of Solution

Given:

A city has streets that run north and south and avenues that run east and west, all equally spaced. streets and avenues are numbered sequentially as shown in below figure,

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus - 6th Edition, Chapter 1.8, Problem 113E , additional homework tip  1

Figure (1)

Calculation:

The distance between the points A(x1,y1) and B(x2,y2) in plane is,

(x2x1)2+(y2y1)2

From the Figure (1) it can seen that the distance between A(1,2) and B(4,6) is,

(41)2+(62)2=32+42=9+16=25=5

So the distance between A(1,2) and B(4,6) is 5 blocks.

(b)

To determine

To find: The walking distance and the straight line distance between the corner of 4th street and 2nd avenue and the corner of 11th street and 26th avenue.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 113E

The walking distance is 7 streets and 24 avenue and the straight line distance is 25 blocks.

Explanation of Solution

Given:

A city has streets that run north and south and avenues that run east and west, all equally spaced. streets and avenues are numbered sequentially as shown in below figure,

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus - 6th Edition, Chapter 1.8, Problem 113E , additional homework tip  2

Figure (1)

Calculation:

The walking distance is sum of,

11street4street=7street

And

26avenue2avenue=24avenue

Thus the walking distance is 7 streets and 24 avenue.

The straight line distance is the distance between point (4,2) and point (11,26) ,

(114)2+(262)2=72+242=49+576=625=25

So the straight line distance is 25 blocks.

Thus, the walking distance is 7 streets and 24 avenue and the straight line distance is 25 blocks.

(c)

To determine

The condition in which the walking distance between P and Q is equal to the straight line distance between P and Q.

Expert Solution

Explanation of Solution

The condition of the walking distance between P and Q is equal to the straight line distance between P and Q, is only possible when the path followed is either only street or only avenue.

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