Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007



Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

JT—Spiraling Out of Control?

JT, a retired computer company executive, eats out four times a week since his wife died last year. Meals at home consist of microwave dinners or supreme pizza. He belongs to a health club, which he visits three times a week, and where he has many friends. Occasionally, JT and his friends go out for beers after their workout. Shortly after his 69th birthday (2 years ago), he was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Last week, he visited the clinic for his annual checkup. He was measured at 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m) and weighed 235 pounds (106.8 kg). His doctor is worried about JT’s family history of heart disease.




What would you ask JT about his food and fitness routine?

Summary Introduction

To discuss: The questions to ask Person JT about his food and fitness routine.

Introduction: Individuals who are older than 65 years are more vulnerable to diseases and infections due to a weaker immune system and changed metabolic topography. Thus, a well-balanced nutritious diet complemented with regular physical activity is a must for older adults.


Person JT is a 71-year-old retired computer company executive with height 5 feet 9 inches and weighed 235 pounds at the time of annual checkup. He visits the health club irregularly, and his nutrition is based on microwave dinners or pizza and occasionally drinks beer at the bar. His wife died last year, and two years ago, he was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The doctor is concerned with his family’s history of heart diseases.

Since Person JT is 71-years old and having a family history of heart diseases, he is expected to maintain a healthy lifestyle. His condition of diabetes type 2 is kept under watch, and it has been two years. During these two years, his wife died, and his dietary plans have been disrupted. To assess his food and fitness routine, Person JT should be asked some questions regarding his food and fitness routine. The information to be obtained from Person JT is as follows:

  • • BMI is a general indicator of the overall health of a person, and any weight change during the last three months can be tracked and monitored.
  • • Daily dietary pattern can be used to assess his nutrient and energy intake and to know if there are any unwanted nutrients in his diet.
  • • Stress levels have to be measured to know if there is any psychological or emotional stress. This is necessary to examine because the results highly influence the eating behavior of an individual and also negatively impact the fitness levels.
  • • Exercise, including the amount of time spent and the kind of physical activity undertaken should be assessed for fitness check.
  • • Blood pressure, chest pain, or any irregularity in heartbeats observed during rest or any case of previous heart attack is to be known too as his family had a history of heart disease.
  • • Blood sugar levels have to be taken care, and it must be checked if he is regularly monitoring his blood sugar levels.

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