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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

If the cell potential is proportional to work and the standard reduction potential for the hydrogen ion is zero, does this mean that the reduction of the hydrogen ion requires no work?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The relationship between the work and the cell potential and the standard reduction potential for the hydrogen ion being zero is given. The validation of the statement, “The reduction of hydrogen ion requires no work” is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

The standard reduction potential for hydrogen ion is zero, therefore the standard hydrogen electrode is chosen as the reference electrode for the calculation of the standard reduction potential of other electrodes.

To determine: The validation of the statement, “The reduction of hydrogen ion requires no work”.

Explanation

The relationship between cell potential and Gibbs free energy change is given by the formula,

ΔG°=nFE°cell

Where,

  • ΔG° is the Gibbs free energy change at the standard conditions.
  • n is the number of electrons involved in the reaction.
  • F is the Faraday’s constant

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