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Match the terms with the most suitable description. ______ phylogeny a. similar across many taxa ______ cladogram b. evolutionary history ______ master regulators c. human arm and bird wing ______ convergent evolution d. present in a group but not in its ancestors ______ derived character e. based on neutral mutations ______ molecular clock f. insect wing and bird wing ______ analogous structures g. diagram of .sets within sets ______ divergent evolution h. different lineages evolve in a similar way ______ homologous structures i. closely related lineages evolve in different ways

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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 18, Problem 16SQ
Textbook Problem
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Match the terms with the most suitable description.

______ phylogeny a. similar across many taxa
______ cladogram b. evolutionary history
______ master regulators c. human arm and bird wing
______ convergent evolution d. present in a group but not in its ancestors
______ derived character e. based on neutral mutations
______ molecular clock f. insect wing and bird wing
______ analogous structures g. diagram of .sets within sets
______ divergent evolution h. different lineages evolve in a similar way
______ homologous structures i. closely related lineages evolve in different ways

Summary Introduction

To match: The terms with most suitable descriptions.

Explanation of Solution

Phylogeny - b. evolutionary history

The study of evolutionary relationship between different organisms is known as phylogenetics. It represents the data obtained through the analysis in the form of a phylogenetic tree.

Cladogram - g. diagram of sets within sets

A cladogram is a diagram used in evolutionary studies to represent the hypothetical relationship between different groups of animals. It visualizes how the organisms taken are related with each other.

Master regulators - a. similar across many taxa

Master regulator is a set of genes involved in the regulation of other genes, particularly meant for cell differentiation. The set of genes involved in the master regulator will be similar across many taxa.

Convergent evolution - h. different lineages evolve in a similar way

The evolutionary process by which unrelated organisms produce similar body forms, colorations, and certain other adaptations. All those changes are very essential for their survival in the changed environment.

Derived character - d. present in a group but not in its ancestors

Characters that have evolved in the lineages leading up to a clade and all the members of that clade apart from other individuals are known as derived characters...

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