Consider two identical planets that are the same distance from their star. One planet has an atmosphere of argon gas, and the other has an atmosphere of fluorine gas. Assume that all other physical descriptions of the planets are the same. From statistical thermodynamic perspectives, which planet should have the higher atmospheric temperature? Justify your answer by citing specific equations from the chapter.

BuyFind

Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition
Ball + 3 others
Publisher: Wadsworth Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781133958437
BuyFind

Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition
Ball + 3 others
Publisher: Wadsworth Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781133958437

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 18, Problem 18.17E
Textbook Problem

Consider two identical planets that are the same distance from their star. One planet has an atmosphere of argon gas, and the other has an atmosphere of fluorine gas. Assume that all other physical descriptions of the planets are the same. From statistical thermodynamic perspectives, which planet should have the higher atmospheric temperature? Justify your answer by citing specific equations from the chapter.

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Chapter 18 Solutions

Physical Chemistry
Ch. 18 - D0 for N2 is 945.0kJ/mol. If v(N2)=2358cm1, what...Ch. 18 - For polyatomic molecules, equation 18.7 becomes...Ch. 18 - The vibrational frequency of H2(g) is 4320cm1....Ch. 18 - The oxygen molecule has a D0 of 497.0kJ/mol....Ch. 18 - What is the electronic partition function for...Ch. 18 - Diatomic helium (He2) exists only in very low...Ch. 18 - Consider two identical planets that are the same...Ch. 18 - What is the expected ratio of vibrational...Ch. 18 - The F2 molecule has a vibrational frequency of...Ch. 18 - The vibrational frequency of ICl is 1.151013s1....Ch. 18 - Determine qvib for H2S at 310K if its vibrational...Ch. 18 - Calculate the vibrational partition function for...Ch. 18 - Calculate the vibrational partition function for...Ch. 18 - Calculate the vibrational partition function for...Ch. 18 - Use the information in Table 18.2 to calculate the...Ch. 18 - What are minimum values for qnuc and qrot for a...Ch. 18 - The moment of inertia for F2 is 3.1671046kgm2....Ch. 18 - If r for Br2 is 0.116 at 298K, what is the moment...Ch. 18 - Determine the temperature at which qrot for HCl...Ch. 18 - What is the expected ratio of rotational partition...Ch. 18 - What are the expected ratios of molecules in odd...Ch. 18 - What are the expected ratios of molecules in odd...Ch. 18 - Diatomic oxygen, O2, has an antisymmetric ground...Ch. 18 - What are qnuc and qrot for N2(I=1)? See Table 18.3...Ch. 18 - The rovibrational spectrum of acetylene, HCCH,...Ch. 18 - What happens to r of a diatomic molecule as J...Ch. 18 - Determine qrot for NH3(=3) at 298K. Consult Table...Ch. 18 - The moments of inertia for phosphine, PH3, are...Ch. 18 - Determine qrot for CCl4 (=12) at 298K. Consult...Ch. 18 - Determine qrot for NO2 (=2) at 295K and 400K....Ch. 18 - Determine an expression for Cp. Hint: Use...Ch. 18 - Using the expression you determined from the...Ch. 18 - Use equation 18.44 to show that pV=NkT.Ch. 18 - Calculate E,H,G, and S for HCl at standard...Ch. 18 - Determine E,H,G, and S for CH4 at standard...Ch. 18 - Verify the expressions for E in Table 18.5 except...Ch. 18 - Calculate the heat capacity CV for H2S at 298K and...Ch. 18 - Calculate the heat capacity of NO2 at 298K and...Ch. 18 - The chapter uses the right side of equation 18.59...Ch. 18 - In Chapters 17 and 18 we have derived expressions...Ch. 18 - The Einstein-Debye suggestion that atoms in...Ch. 18 - The law of Dulong and Petit states that the CV of...Ch. 18 - Diatomic hydrogen has a vibrational frequency of...Ch. 18 - The rotational temperature of molecular iodine is...Ch. 18 - Write a set of equations or a small program to...Ch. 18 - Silver metal is a very good conductor of heat. The...

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