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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following statements about IUPAC nomenclature rules for alkanes is incorrect?

  1. a. The longest continuous chain of C atoms determines the parent chain name.
  2. b. Each alkyl group is located using a number that specifies its point of attachment.
  3. c. Carbon atoms in the main chain are numbered starting at the left end of the chain.
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given statements, the one which in incorrect about the IUPAC nomenclature rules for alkanes has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To name an alkane, the first step is to find the longest continuous chain.  Second step is to identify the substituents present in the longest continuous chain and number the chain so that the substituents gets the least numbering.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carbon chain has to be numbered in a way that the substituents present in it has to get least numbering.  It does not mean that always the numbering has to start from left end of the chain.  Therefore, the correct option among the given options is option (c)...

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