Hawaiian Honeycreeper Phylogeny The po'ouli ( Melamprosops phaeosoma ) was discovered in 1973 by a group of students from the University of Hawaii. Its membership in the Hawaiian honeycreeper clade had been controversial, mainly because its appearance and behavior are so different from other living honeycreepers. It particularly lacked the "old tent" odor characteristic of other honeycreepers. In 2011, Heather Lerner and her colleagues deciphered phylogeny of the 19 Hawaiian honeycreepers that were not yet officially declared to be extinct at the time, including the po'ouli. The researchers sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear DNA samples taken from the honeycreepers, and also from 28 other birds (outgroups). Phylogenetic analysis of these data firmly establishes the po'ouli as a member of the clade, and also reveals the Eurasian rosefinch as the clade's closest relative ( FIGURE 18.10 ). FIGURE 18.10 Phylogeny of Hawaiian honeycreepers. This cladogram was constructed using sequence comparisons of mitochondrial DNA (whole genome), and 13 nuclear DNA loci of 19 Hawaiian honeycreepers and 28 other finch species. Which species is more closely related to the Palila ( Loxioides bailleui ): the Tiwi ( Vestiaria coccinea ) or the Maui 'Alauahio ( Paroreomyza montana )?

BuyFind

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
BuyFind

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

Solutions

Chapter 18, Problem 4DAA
Textbook Problem

Hawaiian Honeycreeper Phylogeny The po'ouli (Melamprosops phaeosoma) was discovered in 1973 by a group of students from the University of Hawaii. Its membership in the Hawaiian honeycreeper clade had been controversial, mainly because its appearance and behavior are so different from other living honeycreepers. It particularly lacked the "old tent" odor characteristic of other honeycreepers.

In 2011, Heather Lerner and her colleagues deciphered phylogeny of the 19 Hawaiian honeycreepers that were not yet officially declared to be extinct at the time, including the po'ouli. The researchers sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear DNA samples taken from the honeycreepers, and also from 28 other birds (outgroups). Phylogenetic analysis of these data firmly establishes the po'ouli as a member of the clade, and also reveals the Eurasian rosefinch as the clade's closest relative (FIGURE 18.10).

Chapter 18, Problem 4DAA, Hawaiian Honeycreeper Phylogeny The po'ouli (Melamprosops phaeosoma) was discovered in 1973 by a

FIGURE 18.10 Phylogeny of Hawaiian honeycreepers. This cladogram was constructed using sequence comparisons of mitochondrial DNA (whole genome), and 13 nuclear DNA loci of 19 Hawaiian honeycreepers and 28 other finch species.

Which species is more closely related to the Palila (Loxioides bailleui): the Tiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) or the Maui 'Alauahio (Paroreomyza montana)?

Expert Solution

Want to see the full answer?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects.

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
What are the features of a healthy high-fat diet?

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)

What are some characteristics of the adhesive used for Post-it Notes?

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Chylomicrons, a class of lipoprotein, are produced in the live. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What is genomics?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

6-66 What gives nanotubes their unique optical and electrical properties?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

An object of mass m1 hangs from a string that passes over a very light fixed pulley P1 as shown in Figure P5.25...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)