BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The number of alkyl groups and the number of substituents, respectively, in the alkane 4-ethyl-3,3-dimethyloctane are

  1. a. 2 and 3
  2. b. 3 and 2
  3. c. 3 and 3
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of alkyl groups and the number of substituents in 4-ethyl-3,3-dimethyloctane has to be identified from the given set of options.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To name an alkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the longest carbon chain.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

To draw an alkane from the given IUPAC name, the parent alkane is drawn first followed by substitution of the substituents in the respective carbon atoms.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

The given name for the alkane is 4-ethyl-3,3-dimethyloctane.  This means the parent alkane is octane.  The structure is drawn as,

The substituents present in the given compound are an ethyl group and two methyl groups.  Ethyl is present in the fourth carbon atom and two methyl groups are present in third carbon atom.

The substituents that are present in the above structure is an ethyl group and two methyl groups...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-1.5 P-2QQSect-1.5 P-3QQSect-1.6 P-1QQSect-1.6 P-2QQSect-1.6 P-3QQSect-1.6 P-4QQSect-1.7 P-1QQSect-1.7 P-2QQSect-1.8 P-1QQSect-1.8 P-2QQSect-1.8 P-3QQSect-1.8 P-4QQSect-1.8 P-5QQSect-1.8 P-6QQSect-1.8 P-7QQSect-1.9 P-1QQSect-1.9 P-2QQSect-1.10 P-1QQSect-1.10 P-2QQSect-1.11 P-1QQSect-1.11 P-2QQSect-1.11 P-3QQSect-1.12 P-1QQSect-1.12 P-2QQSect-1.12 P-3QQSect-1.13 P-1QQSect-1.13 P-2QQSect-1.13 P-3QQSect-1.14 P-1QQSect-1.14 P-2QQSect-1.14 P-3QQSect-1.15 P-1QQSect-1.15 P-2QQSect-1.16 P-1QQSect-1.16 P-2QQSect-1.16 P-3QQSect-1.17 P-1QQSect-1.17 P-2QQSect-1.17 P-3QQSect-1.17 P-4QQSect-1.18 P-1QQSect-1.18 P-2QQSect-1.18 P-3QQSect-1.18 P-4QQCh-1 P-1.1EPCh-1 P-1.2EPCh-1 P-1.3EPCh-1 P-1.4EPCh-1 P-1.5EPCh-1 P-1.6EPCh-1 P-1.7EPCh-1 P-1.8EPCh-1 P-1.9EPCh-1 P-1.10EPCh-1 P-1.11EPCh-1 P-1.12EPCh-1 P-1.13EPCh-1 P-1.14EPCh-1 P-1.15EPCh-1 P-1.16EPCh-1 P-1.17EPCh-1 P-1.18EPCh-1 P-1.19EPCh-1 P-1.20EPCh-1 P-1.21EPCh-1 P-1.22EPCh-1 P-1.23EPCh-1 P-1.24EPCh-1 P-1.25EPCh-1 P-1.26EPCh-1 P-1.27EPCh-1 P-1.28EPCh-1 P-1.29EPCh-1 P-1.30EPCh-1 P-1.31EPCh-1 P-1.32EPCh-1 P-1.33EPCh-1 P-1.34EPCh-1 P-1.35EPCh-1 P-1.36EPCh-1 P-1.37EPCh-1 P-1.38EPCh-1 P-1.39EPCh-1 P-1.40EPCh-1 P-1.41EPCh-1 P-1.42EPCh-1 P-1.43EPCh-1 P-1.44EPCh-1 P-1.45EPCh-1 P-1.46EPCh-1 P-1.47EPCh-1 P-1.48EPCh-1 P-1.49EPCh-1 P-1.50EPCh-1 P-1.51EPCh-1 P-1.52EPCh-1 P-1.53EPCh-1 P-1.54EPCh-1 P-1.55EPCh-1 P-1.56EPCh-1 P-1.57EPCh-1 P-1.58EPCh-1 P-1.59EPCh-1 P-1.60EPCh-1 P-1.61EPCh-1 P-1.62EPCh-1 P-1.63EPCh-1 P-1.64EPCh-1 P-1.65EPCh-1 P-1.66EPCh-1 P-1.67EPCh-1 P-1.68EPCh-1 P-1.69EPCh-1 P-1.70EPCh-1 P-1.71EPCh-1 P-1.72EPCh-1 P-1.73EPCh-1 P-1.74EPCh-1 P-1.75EPCh-1 P-1.76EPCh-1 P-1.77EPCh-1 P-1.78EPCh-1 P-1.79EPCh-1 P-1.80EPCh-1 P-1.81EPCh-1 P-1.82EPCh-1 P-1.83EPCh-1 P-1.84EPCh-1 P-1.85EPCh-1 P-1.86EPCh-1 P-1.87EPCh-1 P-1.88EPCh-1 P-1.89EPCh-1 P-1.90EPCh-1 P-1.91EPCh-1 P-1.92EPCh-1 P-1.93EPCh-1 P-1.94EPCh-1 P-1.95EPCh-1 P-1.96EPCh-1 P-1.97EPCh-1 P-1.98EPCh-1 P-1.99EPCh-1 P-1.100EPCh-1 P-1.101EPCh-1 P-1.102EPCh-1 P-1.103EPCh-1 P-1.104EPCh-1 P-1.105EPCh-1 P-1.106EPCh-1 P-1.107EPCh-1 P-1.108EPCh-1 P-1.109EPCh-1 P-1.110EPCh-1 P-1.111EPCh-1 P-1.112EPCh-1 P-1.113EPCh-1 P-1.114EPCh-1 P-1.115EPCh-1 P-1.116EPCh-1 P-1.117EPCh-1 P-1.118EPCh-1 P-1.119EPCh-1 P-1.120EPCh-1 P-1.121EPCh-1 P-1.122EPCh-1 P-1.123EPCh-1 P-1.124EPCh-1 P-1.125EPCh-1 P-1.126EPCh-1 P-1.127EPCh-1 P-1.128EPCh-1 P-1.129EPCh-1 P-1.130EPCh-1 P-1.131EPCh-1 P-1.132EPCh-1 P-1.133EPCh-1 P-1.134EPCh-1 P-1.135EPCh-1 P-1.136EPCh-1 P-1.137EPCh-1 P-1.138EPCh-1 P-1.139EPCh-1 P-1.140EPCh-1 P-1.141EPCh-1 P-1.142EPCh-1 P-1.143EPCh-1 P-1.144EPCh-1 P-1.145EPCh-1 P-1.146EPCh-1 P-1.147EPCh-1 P-1.148EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Fried banana or vegetable snack chips make a healthy everyday snack choice for vegetarians. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)