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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425
BuyFind

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter 18, Problem 80AP
Textbook Problem

. The process of _________ involves forcing a current through a cell to produce a chemical change that would not otherwise occur. How is this process different than what occurs in a galvanic cell?

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Chapter 18 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Ch. 18 - Why do we say that when something gains electrons...Ch. 18 - The equationAg++CuCu2++Ag has equal numbers of...Ch. 18 - In balancing oxidation-reduction equations, why is...Ch. 18 - What does it mean for a substance to be oxidized?...Ch. 18 - Label the following parts of the galvanic cell....Ch. 18 - Give some examples of how we make good use of...Ch. 18 - How do chemists define the processes of oxidation...Ch. 18 - For each of the following oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - For each of the following oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - For each of the following oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - For each of the following oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - _________ lets us keep track of electrons in...Ch. 18 - Why must the sum of all the oxidation states of...Ch. 18 - Explain why, although it is not an ionic compound,...Ch. 18 - . Why is fluorine always assigned an oxidation...Ch. 18 - . The sum of all the oxidation states of all the...Ch. 18 - . What must be the sum of the oxidation states of...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . What is the oxidation state of sulfur in each of...Ch. 18 - . What is the oxidation state of nitrogen in each...Ch. 18 - . What is the oxidation state of chlorine in each...Ch. 18 - . What is the oxidation state of manganese in each...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states o all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Oxidation can be defined as a loss of electrons...Ch. 18 - . Reduction can be defined as a gain of electrons...Ch. 18 - . What is an oxidizing agent? What is a reducing...Ch. 18 - . Does an oxidizing agent increase or decrease its...Ch. 18 - . Does an oxidizing agent donate or accept...Ch. 18 - . The “Chemistry in Focus” segment Do We Age by...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . Pennies in the United States consist of a zinc...Ch. 18 - . Iron ores, usually oxides of iron, are converted...Ch. 18 - . Although magnesium metal does not react with...Ch. 18 - . Potassium iodide in solution reacts readily with...Ch. 18 - . In what two respects must oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - . Why is a systematic method for balancing...Ch. 18 - . What is a half-reaction? What does each of the...Ch. 18 - . Why must the number of electrons lost in the...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following half-reactions....Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following half-reactions....Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following half-reactions,...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following half-reactions,...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following...Ch. 18 - . Iodide ion, I- , is one of the most easily...Ch. 18 - . Nitric acid is a very strong acid, but is also a...Ch. 18 - . Sketch a schematic representation of a typical...Ch. 18 - 50. What is a salt bridge? Why is a salt bridge...Ch. 18 - . In which direction do electrons flow in a...Ch. 18 - . What type of reaction takes place at the cathode...Ch. 18 - . Consider the oxidation-reduction reaction...Ch. 18 - . Consider the oxidation—reduction reaction...Ch. 18 - . Write the chemical equation for the overall cell...Ch. 18 - . What are some advantages of using lithium ion...Ch. 18 - . _________ is the process of returning metals to...Ch. 18 - 58. Explain how some metals, notably aluminum,...Ch. 18 - 59. Pure iron ordinarily rusts quickly, but steel...Ch. 18 - . The “Chemistry in Focus” segment Stainless...Ch. 18 - . How does an electrolysis cell differ from a...Ch. 18 - . What are some important uses of electrolysis?Ch. 18 - . Although aluminum is one of the most abundant...Ch. 18 - . The “Chemistry in Focus” segment Water-Powered...Ch. 18 - 65. Reactions in which one or more _________ are...Ch. 18 - . Another name for the term oxidation stare is...Ch. 18 - . Reduction may be described as a(n) of electrons...Ch. 18 - . In assigning oxidation states for a covalently...Ch. 18 - . The sum of the oxidation states of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . What is an oxidizing agent? Is an oxidizing...Ch. 18 - . An oxidizing agent causes the...Ch. 18 - . To function as a good reducing agent, a species...Ch. 18 - . When we balance an oxidation-reduction equation,...Ch. 18 - . To obtain useful electrical energy from an...Ch. 18 - 75. An electrochemical cell that produces a...Ch. 18 - . Which process (oxidation/reduction) takes place...Ch. 18 - . At which electrode (anode/cathode) do species...Ch. 18 - . In a(n) _____ cell, electrons flow through a...Ch. 18 - . The “pressure” on electrons to flow from one...Ch. 18 - . The process of _________ involves forcing a...Ch. 18 - . The common acid dry cell battery typically...Ch. 18 - . Corrosion of a metal represents its ______ by...Ch. 18 - . Although aluminium is a reactive metal, pure...Ch. 18 - . For each of the following unbalanced...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . Carbon compounds containing double bonds (such...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following...Ch. 18 - . For each of the following oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - . For each of the following oxidation-reduction...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation sates to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation stales to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . Assign oxidation states to all of the atoms in...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . In each of the following reactions, identify...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following half-reactions....Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following half-reactions,...Ch. 18 - . Balance each of the following...Ch. 18 - . Consider a galvanic cell based on the following...Ch. 18 - . Consider the oxidation—reduction reaction...Ch. 18 - . The Chemistry in Focus” segmentYellow...Ch. 18 - . Assign the oxidation state for the element...

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