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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What if the oxidation state for oxygen was defined as −1 instead of −2? What effect, if any, would it have on the oxidation state of hydrogen?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

What if oxidation state for oxygen was defined as 1 instead of 2 and what effect would it have on the oxidation state of hydrogen should be discussed?

Concept Introduction:

According to the rules for assigning oxidation states, oxidation state of oxygen in covalent compounds is assigned to be 2. But there may be exceptions in compounds like peroxides, O2 2-, in which oxidation state of each oxygen is assigned as 1. And in covalent compounds with nonmetals, oxidation state of hydrogen is considered as +1.

Explanation

There will be no effect on the oxidation state of hydrogen. What happens is oxygen can gain only one electron now. Since for the electrically neutral compounds should have an overall oxidation state of zero, oxyge...

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