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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 18.2, Problem 1EG
Textbook Problem
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What role would twin and adoption studies play in selecting a model for determining whether attendance at medical school is a heritable trait? What heritability values would make you take the study to the next level?

Summary Introduction

To determine: The role of twin and adoption studies in selecting a model for determining whether attendance at medical school is a heritable trait.

Introduction: Reaction of an individual towards external or internal stimuli, which alters one’s response to the environment, is known as one’s behavior. Behaviors are either innate or learned, according to the psychologists. The behavior with which an individual is born is known as the innate behavior and the behavior which an individual acquires through experience is known as learned behavior. Twin and adoption studies are used to understand the factors influencing individual behavior.

Explanation of Solution

The personality, behavior and psychological studies conducted on identical twins are known as twin studies. The studies conducted on siblings with different biological parents are known as adoption studies.

The role of twin and adoption studies in selecting a model for determining whether attendance at medical school is a heritable trait, or not is as follows:

  • • The traits which are not influenced by the environmental factors should be similar in identical twins and these can be determined with the help of twin studies...
Summary Introduction

To determine: The heritability values that would take the study to the next level.

Introduction: Reaction of an individual towards external or internal stimuli, which alters one’s response to the environment, is known as one’s behavior. Behaviors are either innate or learned, according to the psychologists. The behavior with which an individual is born is known as the innate behavior and the behavior which an individual acquires through experience is known as learned behavior. Twin and adoption studies are used to understand the factors influencing individual behavior.

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