5 Barbiturates are prepared by treating diethyl malonate or a derivative of diethyl malonate with urea in the presence of sodium ethoxide as a catalyst. Following is an equation for the preparation of barbital from a substituted diethyl malonate and urea. Barbital, a long-duration hypnotic and sedative, is prescribed under a dozen or more names. Draw the structural formula of barbital.

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Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759
BuyFind

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

Solutions

Chapter 19, Problem 19.45P
Textbook Problem

5 Barbiturates are prepared by treating diethyl malonate or a derivative of diethyl malonate with urea in the presence of sodium ethoxide as a catalyst. Following is an equation for the preparation of barbital from a substituted diethyl malonate and urea. Barbital, a long-duration hypnotic and sedative, is prescribed under a dozen or more names. Draw the structural formula of barbital.

Chapter 19, Problem 19.45P, 5 Barbiturates are prepared by treating diethyl malonate or a derivative of diethyl malonate with

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Chapter 19 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
Ch. 19 - 1 The analgesic phenacetin is synthesized by...Ch. 19 - 2 Phenobarbital is a long-acting sedative,...Ch. 19 - 3 Following is a structural formula for aspartame,...Ch. 19 - 4 Why are nylon-66 and Kevlar referred to as...Ch. 19 - 5 Draw short sections of two parallel chains of...Ch. 19 - 6 Why are Dacron and Mylar referred to as...Ch. 19 - 7 What type of structural feature do the...Ch. 19 - 8 Draw structural formulas for the mono-, di-, and...Ch. 19 - 9 1 ,3-Dihydroxy-2-propanone (dihydroxyacetone)...Ch. 19 - 0 Show how triphosphoric acid can form from three...Ch. 19 - 1 Write an equation for the hydrolysis of...Ch. 19 - 2 (Chemical Connections 19A) Locate the ester...Ch. 19 - 3 (Chemical Connections 19A) What structural...Ch. 19 - 4 (Chemical Connections 19A) A commercial Clothing...Ch. 19 - 5 (Chemical Connections 19B) (a) Identify the...Ch. 19 - 6 (Chemical Connections 19C) What is the compound...Ch. 19 - 7 (Chemical Connections 19C) Name the two...Ch. 19 - 8 (Chemical Connections 19C) Once it has been...Ch. 19 - 9 (Chemical Connections 19C) What is the...Ch. 19 - 0 (Chemical Connections 19D) What is the...Ch. 19 - 1 (Chemical Connections 19D) How do sunscreens...Ch. 19 - 2 (Chemical Connections 19D) What structural...Ch. 19 - (Chemical Connections 19E) Barbiturates are...Ch. 19 - 4 (Chemical Connections 19F) Why do Lactomer...Ch. 19 - 5 Benzocaine, a topical anesthetic, is prepared by...Ch. 19 - 6 The analgesic acetaminophen is synthesized by...Ch. 19 - 7 1,3-Diphosphoglycerate, an intermediate in...Ch. 19 - 8 In Chapter 22, we will discuss a class of...Ch. 19 - 9 We have seen that an amide can be formed from a...Ch. 19 - 0 We will encounter the following molecule in our...Ch. 19 - 1 Starting with ethylene as the only source of...Ch. 19 - 2 From what carboxylic acid and amine or ammonia...Ch. 19 - 3 N,N-Diethyl m-toluamide (DEET) is the active...Ch. 19 - 4 Following are structural formulas for two local...Ch. 19 - 5 Barbiturates are prepared by treating diethyl...Ch. 19 - 6 Consider the experimental antiviral drug...Ch. 19 - 7 ln pharmaceutical research, structural analogs...Ch. 19 - 8 Following is an example of how a moth uses a...Ch. 19 - 9 Only certain types of polymers are readily...

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