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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Thorium-232 is known to undergo a progressive decay series until it reaches stability at lead-208. For each step of the series indicated in the table below, which nuclear particle is emitted?

Chapter 19, Problem 20E, Thorium-232 is known to undergo a progressive decay series until it reaches stability at lead-208.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

Explanation

Alpha particle is emitted.

The parent nuclide is 232Th and the nuclide after the emission of particles is

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(g)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(h)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(i)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(j)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

(k)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Progressive decay series of Thorium- 232 ending up as lead- 208 is given. Nuclear particle emitted in each step of the series is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Nuclei of radioactive element decompose in various ways. There are two major categories. One involves a change in mass number of the decaying nucleus while others do not. Types of radioactive processes include α particle production, β particle production, γ ray production, electron capture and many others. Electron capture decay involves the capturing of one of the inner orbitals electrons by the nucleus.

Beta particle production decay involves the production of beta particle (10e) that is assigned mass number zero.

A helium nucleus 24He is produced in the alpha decay process.

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