   Chapter 19, Problem 24E

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

# Many elements have been synthesized by bombarding relatively heavy atoms with high-energy particles in particle accelerators. Complete the following nuclear equations, which have been used to synthesize elements.a. _ _ _ _   +   H 2 4 e   →   B 97 243 k   +   n 0 1 b. U 92 238   +   C 6 12   →   ______   +   6   n 0 1 c. C 98 249 f   +   _____   →   D 105 260 b   +   4   n 0 1 d. C 98 249 f   +   B 5 10   →   L 103 257 r   +   _ _ _ _ _ _

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given nuclear reaction that have been used to synthesize elements are to be completed.

Concept introduction: Particle accelerators have been used over the years to carryout nuclear transformations. They generate particles with high velocities. Accelerators are needed when positive ions are used as bombarding particles. The particle is accelerated to a very high velocity that can overcome the repulsion and penetrate the target nucleus. Thereby affecting the transformation Positive ions and neutrons are often used as bombarding particles.

To determine: The completion of the given nuclear reaction corresponding to the synthesis of an element.

Explanation

Explanation

The stated synthesis is characterized by the positive ion bombardment.

Positive ions are used as bombarding particles to affect the nuclear transformation...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given nuclear reaction that have been used to synthesize elements are to be completed.

Concept introduction: Particle accelerators have been used over the years to carryout nuclear transformations. They generate particles with high velocities. Accelerators are needed when positive ions are used as bombarding particles. The particle is accelerated to a very high velocity that can overcome the repulsion and penetrate the target nucleus. Thereby affecting the transformation Positive ions and neutrons are often used as bombarding particles.

To determine: The completion of the given nuclear reaction corresponding to the synthesis of an element.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given nuclear reaction that have been used to synthesize elements are to be completed.

Concept introduction: Particle accelerators have been used over the years to carryout nuclear transformations. They generate particles with high velocities. Accelerators are needed when positive ions are used as bombarding particles. The particle is accelerated to a very high velocity that can overcome the repulsion and penetrate the target nucleus. Thereby affecting the transformation Positive ions and neutrons are often used as bombarding particles.

To determine: The completion of the given nuclear reaction corresponding to the synthesis of an element.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given nuclear reaction that have been used to synthesize elements are to be completed.

Concept introduction: Particle accelerators have been used over the years to carryout nuclear transformations. They generate particles with high velocities. Accelerators are needed when positive ions are used as bombarding particles. The particle is accelerated to a very high velocity that can overcome the repulsion and penetrate the target nucleus. Thereby affecting the transformation Positive ions and neutrons are often used as bombarding particles.

To determine: The completion of the given nuclear reaction corresponding to the synthesis of an element.

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