Mallette Manufacturing, Inc., produces washing machines, dryers, and dishwashers. Because of increasing competition, Mallette is considering investing in an automated manufacturing system. Since competition is most keen for dishwashers, the production process for this line has been selected for initial evaluation. The automated system for the dishwasher line would replace an existing system (purchased one year ago for $6 million). Although the existing system will be fully depreciated in nine years, it is expected to last another 10 years. The automated system would also have a useful life of 10 years. The existing system is capable of producing 100,000 dishwashers per year. Sales and production data using the existing system are provided by the Accounting Department: *All cash expenses with the exception of depreciation, which is $6 per unit. The existing equipment is being depreciated using straight-line with no salvage value considered. The automated system will cost $34 million to purchase, plus an estimated $20 million in software and implementation. (Assume that all investment outlays occur at the beginning of the first year.) If the automated equipment is purchased, the old equipment can be sold for $3 million. The automated system will require fewer parts for production and will produce with less waste. Because of this, the direct material cost per unit will be reduced by 25 percent. Automation will also require fewer support activities, and as a consequence, volume-related overhead will be reduced by $4 per unit and direct fixed overhead (other than depreciation) by $17 per unit. Direct labor is reduced by 60 percent. Assume, for simplicity, that the new investment will be depreciated on a pure straight-line basis for tax purposes with no salvage value. Ignore the half-life convention. The firm’s cost of capital is 12 percent, but management chooses to use 20 percent as the required rate of return for evaluation of investments. The combined federal and state tax rate is 40 percent. Required: 1. Compute the net present value for the old system and the automated system. Which system would the company choose? 2. Repeat the net present value analysis of Requirement 1, using 12 percent as the discount rate. 3. Upon seeing the projected sales for the old system, the marketing manager commented: “Sales of 100,000 units per year cannot be maintained in the current competitive environment for more than one year unless we buy the automated system. The automated system will allow us to compete on the basis of quality and lead time. If we keep the old system, our sales will drop by 10,000 units per year.” Repeat the net present value analysis, using this new information and a 12 percent discount rate. 4. An industrial engineer for Mallette noticed that salvage value for the automated equipment had not been included in the analysis. He estimated that the equipment could be sold for $4 million at the end of 10 years. He also estimated that the equipment of the old system would have no salvage value at the end of 10 years. Repeat the net present value analysis using this information, the information in Requirement 3, and a 12 percent discount rate. 5. Given the outcomes of the previous four requirements, comment on the importance of providing accurate inputs for assessing investments in automated manufacturing systems.

BuyFind

Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663
BuyFind

Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663

Solutions

Chapter 19, Problem 30P
Textbook Problem

Mallette Manufacturing, Inc., produces washing machines, dryers, and dishwashers. Because of increasing competition, Mallette is considering investing in an automated manufacturing system. Since competition is most keen for dishwashers, the production process for this line has been selected for initial evaluation. The automated system for the dishwasher line would replace an existing system (purchased one year ago for $6 million). Although the existing system will be fully depreciated in nine years, it is expected to last another 10 years. The automated system would also have a useful life of 10 years.

The existing system is capable of producing 100,000 dishwashers per year. Sales and production data using the existing system are provided by the Accounting Department:

Chapter 19, Problem 30P, Mallette Manufacturing, Inc., produces washing machines, dryers, and dishwashers. Because of

*All cash expenses with the exception of depreciation, which is $6 per unit. The existing equipment is being depreciated using straight-line with no salvage value considered.

The automated system will cost $34 million to purchase, plus an estimated $20 million in software and implementation. (Assume that all investment outlays occur at the beginning of the first year.) If the automated equipment is purchased, the old equipment can be sold for $3 million.

The automated system will require fewer parts for production and will produce with less waste. Because of this, the direct material cost per unit will be reduced by 25 percent. Automation will also require fewer support activities, and as a consequence, volume-related overhead will be reduced by $4 per unit and direct fixed overhead (other than depreciation) by $17 per unit. Direct labor is reduced by 60 percent. Assume, for simplicity, that the new investment will be depreciated on a pure straight-line basis for tax purposes with no salvage value. Ignore the half-life convention.

The firm’s cost of capital is 12 percent, but management chooses to use 20 percent as the required rate of return for evaluation of investments. The combined federal and state tax rate is 40 percent.

Required:

  1. 1. Compute the net present value for the old system and the automated system. Which system would the company choose?
  2. 2. Repeat the net present value analysis of Requirement 1, using 12 percent as the discount rate.
  3. 3. Upon seeing the projected sales for the old system, the marketing manager commented: “Sales of 100,000 units per year cannot be maintained in the current competitive environment for more than one year unless we buy the automated system. The automated system will allow us to compete on the basis of quality and lead time. If we keep the old system, our sales will drop by 10,000 units per year.” Repeat the net present value analysis, using this new information and a 12 percent discount rate.
  4. 4. An industrial engineer for Mallette noticed that salvage value for the automated equipment had not been included in the analysis. He estimated that the equipment could be sold for $4 million at the end of 10 years. He also estimated that the equipment of the old system would have no salvage value at the end of 10 years. Repeat the net present value analysis using this information, the information in Requirement 3, and a 12 percent discount rate.
  5. 5. Given the outcomes of the previous four requirements, comment on the importance of providing accurate inputs for assessing investments in automated manufacturing systems.

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Chapter 19 Solutions

Cornerstones of Cost Management (Cornerstones Series)
Ch. 19 - What are the principal tax implications that...Ch. 19 - Explain why the MACRS method of recognizing...Ch. 19 - Explain the important factors to consider for...Ch. 19 - Explain what a postaudit is and how it can provide...Ch. 19 - Explain what sensitivity analysis is. How can it...Ch. 19 - Jan Booth is considering investing in either a...Ch. 19 - WeCare Clinic is planning on investing in some new...Ch. 19 - Carsen Sorensen, controller of Thayn Company, just...Ch. 19 - Manzer Enterprises is considering two independent...Ch. 19 - Keating Hospital is considering two different...Ch. 19 - Warren Company plans to open a new repair service...Ch. 19 - Each of the following scenarios is independent....Ch. 19 - The following cases are each independent of the...Ch. 19 - Each of the following scenarios is independent....Ch. 19 - Roberts Company is considering an investment in...Ch. 19 - NPV A clinic is considering the possibility of two...Ch. 19 - Refer to Exercise 19.11. 1. Compute the payback...Ch. 19 - Buena Vision Clinic is considering an investment...Ch. 19 - Consider each of the following independent cases....Ch. 19 - Gina Ripley, president of Dearing Company, is...Ch. 19 - Covington Pharmacies has decided to automate its...Ch. 19 - Postman Company is considering two independent...Ch. 19 - Lilly Company is planning to buy a set of special...Ch. 19 - An investment of 2,000 produces a net cash flow of...Ch. 19 - Which of the following is a deficiency of the...Ch. 19 - Assume there are two competing projects, X and Y....Ch. 19 - Thomas Company is investing 10,000 in a project...Ch. 19 - Assume that an investment of 100,000 produces a...Ch. 19 - Heaps Company produces jewelry that requires...Ch. 19 - Sweeney Manufacturing has a plant where the...Ch. 19 - Ron Booth, the CEO for Sunders Manufacturing, was...Ch. 19 - Kent Tessman, manager of a Dairy Products...Ch. 19 - Friedman Company is considering installing a new...Ch. 19 - Okmulgee Hospital (a large metropolitan for-profit...Ch. 19 - Mallette Manufacturing, Inc., produces washing...Ch. 19 - Jonfran Company manufactures three different...Ch. 19 - Brindon Thayn, president and owner of Orangeville...

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