   Chapter 19, Problem 65GQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Four voltaic cells are set up. In each, one half-cell contains a standard hydrogen electrode. The second half-cell is one of the following: (i) Cr3+(aq, 1.0 M)|Cr(s) (ii) Fea+(aq, 1.0M)|Fe(s) (iii) Cu2+(aq, 1.0M)|Cu(s) (iv) Mg2+(aq, 1.0M)|Mg(s) (a) In which of the voltaic cells does the hydrogen electrode serve as the cathode? (b) Which voltaic cell produces the highest potential? Which produces the lowest potential?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The voltaic cell in which the hydrogen electrode serves as the cathode has to be identified.

Concept introduction:

Voltaic cell or Galvanic cell:

The device to produce electricity by using chemical reactions. In these divces are redox chemical reactions are occured.

A voltaic cell converts chemical energy into electrical energy.

It consists of two half cells. Each half cell consists of a metal and a solution of a salt of metal. Two half cells are connected by salt bridge.

The chemical reaction in the half cell is an oxidation reduction (redox)reactions.

For example:

Cell diagram of voltaic or galvanic cell is as follows.

Salt bridge                        Cu(s)|Cu2+(aq)  ||  Ag+(aq)|Ag(s)____________     ___________                                       Half cell             Half cell

Explanation

The cathodic site of reaction is reduction half reaction.

The reduction reaction is as follows.

2H+(aq) +2e- H2(g)

Therefore, the following voltaic cell does the hydrogen electrode serve as the cathode.

Cr3+(aq, 1

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The voltaic cell which produces the highest potential and the lowest potential has to be identified.

Concept introduction:

Voltaic cell or Galvanic cell:

The device to produce electricity by using chemical reactions. In these divces are redox chemical reactions are occured.

A voltaic cell converts chemical energy into electrical energy.

It consists of two half cells. Each half cell consists of a metal and a solution of a salt of metal. Two half cells are connected by salt bridge.

The chemical reaction in the half cell is an oxidation reduction (redox)reactions.

For example:

Cell diagram of voltaic or galvanic cell is as follows.

Salt bridge                        Cu(s)|Cu2+(aq)  ||  Ag+(aq)|Ag(s)____________     ___________                                       Half cell             Half cell

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