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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. A(n) ______, when it is produced by a nucleus at high speed, is more commonly called a beta particle.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given statement should be completed.

Concept Introduction:

The electron usually having less penetrating power, when gets speed or velocity it turns into a fast moving beta particle.

Electron acquires this velocity from the nucleus moving rapidly in a circular reactor which results in increasing the penetrating power of the nuclide. Thus, the beta particle appears.

Explanation

Given:

A(n) _______, when it is produced by nucleus at high speed, is more commonly called beta particles.

The electron usually having less penetrating power, when gets speed or velocity it turns into a fast moving beta particle.

Electron acquires this velocity from the nucleus moving rapidly in a circular reactor which results in increasing the penetrating power of the nuclide. Thus, the beta particle appears.

For example:

The beta particles increase the atomic number of an atom by 1 and no change in the mass of an atom. So, the beta decay of K produces the Ca atom which has one unit increase in the atomic number than K. K has atomic number 19 and Ca has atomic number 20...

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