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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. In addition to particles. many radioactive nuclei also produce high-energy _______ rays when they decay.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To fill in the blanks:

In addition to particles, many radioactive nuclei also produced high energy …....... rays when they decay.

Concept Introduction:

The unstable nuclei are called parent nuclei that forms the daughter nuclei either by combination or by decomposition of the nuclei. The radioactive decay is the conversion of the unstable nuclei to the stable nuclei with some other by product like alpha, beta and gamma particles. When they are formed by combination, the process is known as fusion and when they are formed by decomposition, the process is known as fission. The beta particles increase the atomic number of an atom by 1 and no change in the mass of an atom. While alpha particles decrease the mass number by 4 and atomic number by 2.

Explanation

Gamma rays are highly penetrating in nature and they causes many diseases like cancer, skin problem somatic and genetic damage to the cell. The gamma rays are highly penetrating than beta and alpha rays. The gamma decay produces high amount of energy which has high penetrating power...

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