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KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2. meteorology 3. photosynthesis (19.1) 4. troposphere 5. weather 6. stratosphere 7. mesosphere 8. thermosphere 9. ozone (O 3 ) 10. ozonosphere 11. ionosphere 12. insolation (19.2) 13. Rayleigh scattering 14. greenhouse effect 15. barometer (19.3) 16. relative humidity 17. dew point 18. psychrometer 19. anemometer 20. wind vane 21. rain gauge 22. Doppler radar 23. wind (19.4) 24. air currents 25. isobar 26. convection cycle 27. Coriolis force 28. jet streams 29. clouds (19.5) 30. lapse rate For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list. u. _____ “Rivers” of air

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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 19, Problem UM
Textbook Problem
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KEY TERMS

  1. 1. atmospheric science (Intro)
  2. 2. meteorology
  3. 3. photosynthesis (19.1)
  4. 4. troposphere
  5. 5. weather
  6. 6. stratosphere
  7. 7. mesosphere
  8. 8. thermosphere
  9. 9. ozone (O3)
  10. 10. ozonosphere
  1. 11. ionosphere
  2. 12. insolation (19.2)
  3. 13. Rayleigh scattering
  4. 14. greenhouse effect
  5. 15. barometer (19.3)
  6. 16. relative humidity
  7. 17. dew point
  8. 18. psychrometer
  9. 19. anemometer
  10. 20. wind vane
  1. 21. rain gauge
  2. 22. Doppler radar
  3. 23. wind (19.4)
  4. 24. air currents
  5. 25. isobar
  6. 26. convection cycle
  7. 27. Coriolis force
  8. 28. jet streams
  9. 29. clouds (19.5)
  10. 30. lapse rate

For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list.

u. _____ “Rivers” of air

To determine

Pick the keyword from the given list: The name given to the “rivers” of air.

Explanation of Solution

Fast- moving “rivers” of air are known as jet streams. Jet streams affect the duration of the journey of airlines to a large extent. A delay and advance of half an hour are observed to fly across the United States when the jet streams are opposite and favor to the plane respectively.

Upper boundaries of cold and warm air masses facilitate the formation of jet streams...

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Chapter 19 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 19.5 - How are clouds generally formed?Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - KEY TERMS 1. atmospheric science (Intro) 2....Ch. 19 - Which is the second-most-abundant gas in the...Ch. 19 - In what region does the ozone layer lie? (19.1)...Ch. 19 - Photosynthesis is responsible for the atmospheric...Ch. 19 - What regulates the Earths average temperature?...Ch. 19 - Approximately what percentage of insolation is...Ch. 19 - What instrument is used to measure relative...Ch. 19 - With what instrument is humidity measured? (19.3)...Ch. 19 - Near a large body of water, which wind is the...Ch. 19 - What is the direction of rotation around a cyclone...Ch. 19 - Convection cycles give rise to which of the...Ch. 19 - What is the cloud root name that means heap?...Ch. 19 - The altostratus cloud is a member of which family?...Ch. 19 - ___ is the study of the lower atmosphere. (Intro)Ch. 19 - The ozone layer causes a temperature increase in...Ch. 19 - The International Space Station is in orbit in the...Ch. 19 - The primary absorbers of infrared radiation in the...Ch. 19 - One standard atmosphere of pressure is ___ lb2....Ch. 19 - One atmosphere is equal to ___ cm or ___ in. of...Ch. 19 - Relative humidity is the ratio of the actual...Ch. 19 - The arrow of a wind vane (or weather vane) points...Ch. 19 - A line drawn through points of equal pressure is...Ch. 19 - A(n) ___ breeze blows at the ocean coast during...Ch. 19 - In the Southern Hemisphere, the wind rotates ___...Ch. 19 - Nimbostratus clouds belong to the ___ cloud...Ch. 19 - Other than moisture, what are the three major...Ch. 19 - Humans and other animals inhale oxygen and exhale...Ch. 19 - What key compound makes photosynthesis in green...Ch. 19 - Describe how the temperature of the atmosphere...Ch. 19 - Of what importance is the atmospheric ozone layer?Ch. 19 - What causes the displays of lights called auroras?Ch. 19 - What does it mean to say that the Earth has an...Ch. 19 - From what source does the atmosphere receive most...Ch. 19 - Why is the sky blue overhead and more white toward...Ch. 19 - In terms of Rayleigh scattering, why is it...Ch. 19 - Is the atmospheric greenhouse effect the same as...Ch. 19 - How does the selective absorption of atmospheric...Ch. 19 - What are the four fundamental atmospheric...Ch. 19 - What is the principle of the liquid barometer?...Ch. 19 - Why does water condense on the outside of a glass...Ch. 19 - When is the relative humidity 100%? It may be...Ch. 19 - Which way, relative to the wind direction, does a...Ch. 19 - At small airports, a wind sock (a tapered bag that...Ch. 19 - What information does Doppler radar give that...Ch. 19 - What is a convection cycle, and what are the...Ch. 19 - Indicate any differences between cyclones and...Ch. 19 - Why does weather generally move from west to east...Ch. 19 - Generally speaking, on which side of town would it...Ch. 19 - Should the prevailing wind direction be considered...Ch. 19 - Name the cloud family for each of the following:...Ch. 19 - Name the cloud type associated with each of the...Ch. 19 - What is lapse rate, and how is it involved in...Ch. 19 - Why are clouds generally white, while some are...Ch. 19 - Visualize the connections and give answers in the...Ch. 19 - (a) Why does the land lose heat more quickly at...Ch. 19 - How do the summer and winter monsoons compare to...Ch. 19 - In summer, sudden rain showers can occur over a...Ch. 19 - Describe what would happen if a projectile were...Ch. 19 - Water leaks from a cup with a hole, as shown in ...Ch. 19 - Express the approximate thicknesses of the (a)...Ch. 19 - On a vertical scale of altitude in kilometers and...Ch. 19 - If the air temperature is 70F at sea level, then...Ch. 19 - If the air temperature is 20C at sea level, then...Ch. 19 - On a day when the air temperature is 85F, the...Ch. 19 - A psychrometer has a dry-bulb reading of 90F and a...Ch. 19 - On a very hot day with an air temperature of 105F,...Ch. 19 - On a winter day, a psychrometer has a dry-bulb...Ch. 19 - The dry-bulb and wet-bulb thermometers of a...Ch. 19 - On a day when the air temperature is 80F, the...Ch. 19 - On a day when the air temperature is 70F, a fellow...Ch. 19 - On another day with the same air temperature...

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