BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 19.4, Problem 1CYU
Textbook Problem
1 views

  1. (a) Rank the following metals in their ability to function as reducing agents: Hg, Sn, and Pb.
  2. (b) Which halogens will oxidize mercury to mercury(II)?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given metals has to be ranked in their ability to function as reducing agents.

Concept introduction:

Standard electrode potential

Under certain conditions a cell potential is measured it is called as standard potential (Ecello).

Standard potential (Ecello) can be calculated by the following formula.

Ecello=Ecathodeo-Eanodeo

The Ecello value is positive, the reaction is predicted to be product favoured at equilibrium.

The Ecello value is negative, the reaction is predicted to be reactant favoured at equilibrium.

Electrochemical series:

It is a decreasing order of the reduction potentials. The most positive E0 are placed in the top in the electrochemical series, it has greater tendency for reduction and lower tendency of oxidation. And the most negative E0 values of elements are placed in the bottom of the series.

Explanation of Solution

Reducing agents have low redox potential values. Therefore, the order is as follows.

The E0 values of the given metal atoms are given below:

Sn2+(aq) + 2e- Sn(s) ; E0= -0.14VPb2+(aq) +2e

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The halogens which will oxidize mercury to mercury (III) has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Standard electrode potential

Under certain conditions a cell potential is measured it is called as standard potential (Ecello).

Standard potential (Ecello) can be calculated by the following formula.

Ecello=Ecathodeo-Eanodeo

The Ecello value is positive, the reaction is predicted to be product favoured at equilibrium.

The Ecello value is negative, the reaction is predicted to be reactant favoured at equilibrium.

Electrochemical series:

It is a decreasing order of the reduction potentials. The most positive E0 are placed in the top in the electrochemical series, it has greater tendency for reduction and lower tendency of oxidation. And the most negative E0 values of elements are placed in the bottom of the series.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 19 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 19.3 - Which of the following statements is correct for...Ch. 19.3 - 2. You can determine if an automobile lead-based...Ch. 19.4 - (a) Rank the following metals in their ability to...Ch. 19.4 - The net reaction that occurs in a voltaic cell is...Ch. 19.4 - 2. Which metal in the following list is easiest to...Ch. 19.4 - Determine which of the following redox equations...Ch. 19.4 - A lithium ion battery produces a voltage of 3.6 V....Ch. 19.4 - Use the energy produced by the combustion of...Ch. 19.4 - What mass of lithium ion batteries would produce...Ch. 19.5 - A voltaic cell is set up with an aluminum...Ch. 19.5 - Check Your Understanding The half-cells Fe2+(aq,...Ch. 19.5 - 1. Calculate Ecell at 298 K for a cell involving...Ch. 19.6 - The following reaction has an E value of 0.76 V:...Ch. 19.6 - Calculate the equilibrium constant at 25 C for the...Ch. 19.6 - 1. In Appendix M, the following standard reduction...Ch. 19.7 - Predict the chemical reactions that will occur at...Ch. 19.7 - You have a solution containing several metal ions,...Ch. 19.8 - 1. Calculate the mass of O2 produced in the...Ch. 19.8 - 1. If you wish to convert 0.0100 mol of Au3+ (aq)...Ch. 19.8 - If an electrically insulating material, such as...Ch. 19.8 - Use standard reduction potentials to determine...Ch. 19.8 - Use standard reduction potentials to determine...Ch. 19.8 - The overall reaction for the production of Cu(OH)2...Ch. 19.8 - Assume the following electrochemical cell...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is constructed using the reaction...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is constructed using the reaction...Ch. 19 - The half-cells Fe2+(aq) | Fe(s) and O2(g) | H2O...Ch. 19 - The half cells Sn2+(aq) |Sn(s) and Cl2(g) |Cl(aq)...Ch. 19 - For each of the following electrochemical cells,...Ch. 19 - For each of the following electrochemical cells,...Ch. 19 - Use cell notation to depict an electrochemical...Ch. 19 - Use cell notation to depict an electrochemical...Ch. 19 - What are the similarities and differences between...Ch. 19 - What reactions occur when a lead storage battery...Ch. 19 - Calculate the value of E for each of the following...Ch. 19 - Calculate the value of E for each of the following...Ch. 19 - Balance each of the following unbalanced...Ch. 19 - Balance each of the following unbalanced...Ch. 19 - Consider the following half-reactions: (a) Based...Ch. 19 - Consider the following half-reactions: (a)...Ch. 19 - Which of the following elements is the best...Ch. 19 - From the following list, identify those elements...Ch. 19 - Which of the following ions is most easily...Ch. 19 - From the following list, identify the ions that...Ch. 19 - (a) Which halogen is most easily reduced in acidic...Ch. 19 - (a) Which ion is most easily oxidized to the...Ch. 19 - Calculate the potential delivered by a voltaic...Ch. 19 - Calculate the potential developed by a voltaic...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - Calculate rG and the equilibrium constant for the...Ch. 19 - Calculate rG and the equilibrium constant for the...Ch. 19 - Use standard reduction potentials (Appendix M) for...Ch. 19 - Use the standard reduction potentials (Appendix M)...Ch. 19 - Use the standard reduction potentials (Appendix M)...Ch. 19 - Use the standard reduction potentials (Appendix M)...Ch. 19 - Diagram the apparatus used to electrolyze molten...Ch. 19 - Diagram the apparatus used to electrolyze aqueous...Ch. 19 - Which product, O2 or F2, is more likely to form at...Ch. 19 - Which product, Ca or H2, is more likely to form at...Ch. 19 - An aqueous solution of KBr is placed in a beaker...Ch. 19 - An aqueous solution of Na2S is placed in a beaker...Ch. 19 - In the electrolysis of a solution containing...Ch. 19 - In the electrolysis of a solution containing...Ch. 19 - Electrolysis of a solution of CuSO4(aq) to give...Ch. 19 - Electrolysis of a solution of Zn(NO3)2(aq) to give...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell can be built using the reaction...Ch. 19 - Assume the specifications of a Ni-Cd voltaic cell...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Balance the following equations. (a) Zn(s) +...Ch. 19 - Magnesium metal is oxidized, and silver ions are...Ch. 19 - You want to set up a series of voltaic cells with...Ch. 19 - You want to set up a series of voltaic cells with...Ch. 19 - Which of the following reactions is (arc) product...Ch. 19 - In the table of standard reduction potentials,...Ch. 19 - In the table of standard reduction potentials,...Ch. 19 - Four voltaic cells are set up. In each, one...Ch. 19 - The following half-cells are available: (i)...Ch. 19 - The reaction occurring in the cell in which Al2O3...Ch. 19 - A cell is constructed using the following...Ch. 19 - A potential of 0.142 V is recorded (under standard...Ch. 19 - What is the value of E for the following...Ch. 19 - The standard potential, E, for the reaction of...Ch. 19 - An electrolysis cell for aluminum production...Ch. 19 - Electrolysis of molten NaCl is done in cells...Ch. 19 - A current of 0.0100 A is passed through a solution...Ch. 19 - A current of 0.44 A is passed through a solution...Ch. 19 - The total charge that ran he delivered by a large...Ch. 19 - Chlorine gas is obtained commercially by...Ch. 19 - Write equations for the half-reactions that occur...Ch. 19 - The products formed in the electrolysis of aqueous...Ch. 19 - Predict the products formed in the electrolysis of...Ch. 19 - In the electrolysis of HNO3(aq), hydrogen is...Ch. 19 - The metallurgy of aluminum involves electrolysis...Ch. 19 - Two half-cells, Pt | Fe3+(aq. 0.50 M), Fe2+(aq,...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is set up utilizing the reaction...Ch. 19 - Calculate the cell potential for the following...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell set up utilizing the reaction Cu(s)...Ch. 19 - Two Ag+(aq) | Ag(s) half-cells are constructed....Ch. 19 - Calculate equilibrium constants for the following...Ch. 19 - Calculate equilibrium constants for the following...Ch. 19 - Use the table of standard reduction potentials...Ch. 19 - Use the table of standard reduction potentials...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Balance the following equations involving organic...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is constructed in which one...Ch. 19 - An expensive but lighter alternative to the lead...Ch. 19 - The specifications for a lead storage battery...Ch. 19 - Manganese may play an important role in chemical...Ch. 19 - You want to use electrolysis to plate a...Ch. 19 - Iron(II) ion undergoes a disproportionation...Ch. 19 - Copper(I) ion disproportionates to copper metal...Ch. 19 - The simplest way to write the reaction for...Ch. 19 - A lithium-ion camera battery is rated at 7500 mAh....Ch. 19 - Consider an electrochemical cell based on the...Ch. 19 - An old method of measuring the current flowing in...Ch. 19 - A silver coulometer (Study Question 106) was used...Ch. 19 - Four metals, A, B, C, and D, exhibit the following...Ch. 19 - A solution of KI is added dropwise to a pale blue...Ch. 19 - The amount of oxygen, O2, dissolved in a water...Ch. 19 - Fluorinated organic compounds are used as...Ch. 19 - The free energy change for a reaction, rG, is the...Ch. 19 - A hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell operates on the simple...Ch. 19 - (a) Is it easier to reduce water in acid or base?...Ch. 19 - Living organisms derive energy from the oxidation...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Fruit punch sweetened with grape juice concentrate can contain as much sugar as fruit punch sweetened with high...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

How do a solute, a solvent, and a solution differ?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

Identify and describe the tissues shown below.

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

What is hereditarianism, and what is the invalid assumption it makes?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

Explain why a hysterical individual might develop alkalosis.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

True or false? Ferns produce seeds inside sori.

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

Where would you look for a benthic organism?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin

As it plows a parking lot, a snowplow pushes an ever-growing pile of snow in front of it. Suppose a car moving ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)