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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Identify two nonmetallic elements that have allotropes and describe the allotropes of each.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Identify two nonmetallic elements which have allotropes and allotropes of each should be described.

Concept introduction:

  • Non-metal are the elements on the right of the periodic table. It can be gases, liquids or solids and they are dull in color, not shiny like metals. Simply non- metals are those which lack all the metallic attributes.
  • Allotropes are different form of the same element. Different bonding arrangement between atoms results in different structures with different chemical and physical properties.
Explanation

Nonmetals are the elements on the right of the periodic table. It can be gases, liquids or solids and they are dull in color, not shiny like metals. Simply non- metals are those which lack all the metallic attributes.

The elements carbon (atomic number 6) and oxygen (atomic number 8) are nonmetals and they have allotropes also.

NonmetalAllotropesCarbonDiamond,grapheneOxygenDioxygen(O2),Ozone(O

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