BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Name each of the following compounds and indicate which ones are best described as ionic:

(a) CIF3

(b) NCI3

(c) SrSO4

(d) Ca(NO3)2

(e) XeF4

(f) OF2

(g) KI

(h) Al2S3

(i) PCI3

(j) K3PO4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

Explanation

In ClF3 compound, both elements are nonmetals, so it is a molecular compound

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(g)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(h)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(i)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

(j)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given compound the name should be identified and it should be determined that whether it is ionic or not.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by the combination of metal and nonmetals or metal and polyatomic ions.

Molecular compounds are formed by the combination of nonmetal and nonmetal or metalloid and nonmetal.

  • Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form (generally according to electronegativity). The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tr-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

  • Naming of ions:

    Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

    But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound.

    Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element, from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-2.7 P-2.11CYUSect-2.8 P-2.12CYUSect-2.8 P-1.1ACPSect-2.8 P-1.2ACPSect-2.8 P-2.1ACPSect-2.8 P-2.2ACPSect-2.8 P-3.1ACPSect-2.8 P-3.2ACPSect-2.8 P-3.3ACPSect-2.8 P-3.4ACPCh-2 P-1PSCh-2 P-2PSCh-2 P-3PSCh-2 P-4PSCh-2 P-5PSCh-2 P-6PSCh-2 P-7PSCh-2 P-8PSCh-2 P-9PSCh-2 P-10PSCh-2 P-11PSCh-2 P-12PSCh-2 P-13PSCh-2 P-14PSCh-2 P-15PSCh-2 P-16PSCh-2 P-17PSCh-2 P-18PSCh-2 P-19PSCh-2 P-20PSCh-2 P-21PSCh-2 P-22PSCh-2 P-23PSCh-2 P-24PSCh-2 P-25PSCh-2 P-26PSCh-2 P-27PSCh-2 P-28PSCh-2 P-29PSCh-2 P-30PSCh-2 P-31PSCh-2 P-32PSCh-2 P-33PSCh-2 P-34PSCh-2 P-35PSCh-2 P-36PSCh-2 P-37PSCh-2 P-38PSCh-2 P-39PSCh-2 P-40PSCh-2 P-41PSCh-2 P-42PSCh-2 P-43PSCh-2 P-44PSCh-2 P-45PSCh-2 P-46PSCh-2 P-47PSCh-2 P-48PSCh-2 P-49PSCh-2 P-50PSCh-2 P-51PSCh-2 P-52PSCh-2 P-53PSCh-2 P-54PSCh-2 P-55PSCh-2 P-56PSCh-2 P-57PSCh-2 P-58PSCh-2 P-59PSCh-2 P-60PSCh-2 P-61PSCh-2 P-62PSCh-2 P-63PSCh-2 P-64PSCh-2 P-65PSCh-2 P-66PSCh-2 P-67PSCh-2 P-68PSCh-2 P-69PSCh-2 P-70PSCh-2 P-71PSCh-2 P-72PSCh-2 P-73PSCh-2 P-74PSCh-2 P-75PSCh-2 P-76PSCh-2 P-77PSCh-2 P-78PSCh-2 P-79PSCh-2 P-80PSCh-2 P-81PSCh-2 P-82PSCh-2 P-83PSCh-2 P-84PSCh-2 P-85PSCh-2 P-86PSCh-2 P-87PSCh-2 P-88PSCh-2 P-89PSCh-2 P-90PSCh-2 P-91PSCh-2 P-92PSCh-2 P-93PSCh-2 P-94PSCh-2 P-95PSCh-2 P-96PSCh-2 P-97PSCh-2 P-98PSCh-2 P-99PSCh-2 P-100PSCh-2 P-101GQCh-2 P-102GQCh-2 P-103GQCh-2 P-104GQCh-2 P-105GQCh-2 P-106GQCh-2 P-107GQCh-2 P-108GQCh-2 P-109GQCh-2 P-110GQCh-2 P-111GQCh-2 P-112GQCh-2 P-113GQCh-2 P-114GQCh-2 P-115GQCh-2 P-116GQCh-2 P-117GQCh-2 P-118GQCh-2 P-119GQCh-2 P-120GQCh-2 P-121GQCh-2 P-122GQCh-2 P-123GQCh-2 P-124GQCh-2 P-125GQCh-2 P-126GQCh-2 P-127GQCh-2 P-128GQCh-2 P-129GQCh-2 P-130GQCh-2 P-131GQCh-2 P-132GQCh-2 P-133GQCh-2 P-134GQCh-2 P-135GQCh-2 P-136GQCh-2 P-137GQCh-2 P-138GQCh-2 P-139GQCh-2 P-140GQCh-2 P-141GQCh-2 P-142GQCh-2 P-143GQCh-2 P-144GQCh-2 P-145GQCh-2 P-146GQCh-2 P-147GQCh-2 P-148GQCh-2 P-149GQCh-2 P-150GQCh-2 P-151GQCh-2 P-152GQCh-2 P-153GQCh-2 P-154GQCh-2 P-155GQCh-2 P-156GQCh-2 P-157GQCh-2 P-158GQCh-2 P-159ILCh-2 P-160ILCh-2 P-161ILCh-2 P-162ILCh-2 P-163ILCh-2 P-164ILCh-2 P-165SCQCh-2 P-166SCQCh-2 P-167SCQCh-2 P-168SCQ

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

The nervous system cannot use fat as fuel. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

A ________ is dissolved in a solvent. a. molecule b. salt c. solute d. chemical bond

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

Calculate your protein RDA.

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)

A cars speedometer reads instantaneous ___. (2.2)

An Introduction to Physical Science

What factors resist the contraction of a cloud of interstellar matter?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Match each organelle with its correct function.

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

How would Eratostheness estimate have been different if the sun were actually closer to Earth?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin

A house is advertised as having 1 420 square feet under its roof. What is area in square meters? (a) 4 660 m2(b...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)