BuyFind

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calcu...

6th Edition
Stewart + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780840068071
BuyFind

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calcu...

6th Edition
Stewart + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780840068071

Solutions

Chapter 2, Problem 13P
To determine

To find: The function that models the distance (D) between the ships in terms of time t(inhours) elapsed since their departure.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 13P

The function that models distance between ships in terms of time (in hours) is D(t)=25t,t>0 .

Explanation of Solution

Given:

Speed of ship sailing south is 15mi/h

Speed of ship sailing east is 20mi/h

Calculation:

Draw the Figure (1) as shown below after time t since departure of ships.

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus - 6th Edition, Chapter 2, Problem 13P

Figure (1)

In Figure (1) O is starting point of ships, A,B are the points where ship sailing towards south and east reach after time t respectively.

Calculate distance OA and OB shown in Figure (1) as,

OA=15t[Distance=Speedtime]

And,

OB=20t[Distance=Speedtime]

Apply Pythagorean theorem in triangle OAB shown in Figure (1)

(AB)2=(OA)2+(OB)2

Substitute D for AB , 15t for OA and 20t for OB in above equation.

(D)2=(15t)2+(20t)2D2=225t2+400t2

Factor (t2) from right hand side of the above equation.

D2=t2(225+400)=t2(625)

Take square root of above equation.

D=25t

Thus, function that models distance between ships in terms of time (in hours) is D(t)=25t,t>0 .

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