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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Name and describe the composition of the three hydrogen isotopes.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The name and composition of three hydrogen isotopes has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The atomic number of hydrogen is one
  • The isotopes of hydrogen are Protium, Deuterium and Tritium, and the masses of these isotopes are 1, 2 and 3 respectively.
  • Equation for mass number is,

    massnumber=numberofprotons+numberofneutrons

  • The numbers of protons and electrons are equal in an atom.
  • The number of protons and electrons for different isotopes are equal.
Explanation

The atomic number of hydrogen is one.

The numbers of protons and electrons are equal in an atom.

The number of protons and electrons for different isotopes are equal.

Therefore,

The numbers of protons and electrons in three isotopes of hydrogen are equal that is one.

The mass numbers of three isotopes Protium, Deuterium and Tritium are one, two and three respectively.

Equation for mass number is,

    massnumber=numberofprotons+

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