Recall from Chapter 1 that Jim Logan planned to pursue his dream of establishing his own business, the Sports Exports Company, for exporting footballs to one or more foreign markets. He has decided to initially pursue the market in the United Kingdom because British citizens appear to have some interest in football as a possible hobby, and no other firm has capitalized on this idea in the United Kingdom. (The sporting goods shops in the United Kingdom do not sell footballs but might be willing to sell them.) Logan has contacted one sporting goods distributor that has agreed to purchase footballs on a monthly basis and distribute (sell) them to sporting goods stores throughout the United Kingdom. The distributor’s demand for footballs is ultimately influenced by the demand for footballs by British citizens who shop in British sporting goods stores. The Sports Exports Company will receive British pounds when it sells the footballs to the distributor and will then convert the pounds into dollars. Logan recognizes that products (such as the footballs that his firm will produce) exported from U.S. firms to foreign countries can be affected by various factors. Identify the factors that affect the current account balance between the United States and the United Kingdom. Explain how each factor may potentially affect British demand for the footballs produced by the Sports Exports Company.
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