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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Complete the following reaction equations by supplying the formula of the missing reactant, product, or catalyst.

Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP, Complete the following reaction equations by supplying the formula of the missing reactant, product,

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The missing reactant in the given conversion has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Aromatic hydrocarbons undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions. Even though the aromatic hydrocarbon has double bonds in its structure, they undergo substitution reaction only because the double bonds are involved in delocalized bonding that is present in the ring system.

Alkylation:

Benzene undergoes alkylation reaction in presence of AlCl3 as catalyst. The alkyl group from alkyl chloride gets substituted for a hydrogen atom in the benzene ring. The product obtained is alkylbenzene. The general reaction scheme can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP , additional homework tip  1

Halogenation:

Benzene undergoes halogenation reaction in presence of FeCl3 or FeBr3 as catalyst to give halobenzene as product. The general reaction scheme can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP , additional homework tip  2

Explanation

Given reaction is,

The catalyst used in the above reaction is FeCl3

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The missing reactant in the given conversion has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Aromatic hydrocarbons undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions. Even though the aromatic hydrocarbon has double bonds in its structure, they undergo substitution reaction only because the double bonds are involved in delocalized bonding that is present in the ring system.

Alkylation:

Benzene undergoes alkylation reaction in presence of AlCl3 as catalyst. The alkyl group from alkyl chloride gets substituted for a hydrogen atom in the benzene ring. The product obtained is alkylbenzene. The general reaction scheme can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP , additional homework tip  3

Halogenation:

Benzene undergoes halogenation reaction in presence of FeCl3 or FeBr3 as catalyst to give halobenzene as product. The general reaction scheme can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP , additional homework tip  4

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The missing product in the given conversion has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Aromatic hydrocarbons undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions. Even though the aromatic hydrocarbon has double bonds in its structure, they undergo substitution reaction only because the double bonds are involved in delocalized bonding that is present in the ring system.

Alkylation:

Benzene undergoes alkylation reaction in presence of AlCl3 as catalyst. The alkyl group from alkyl chloride gets substituted for a hydrogen atom in the benzene ring. The product obtained is alkylbenzene. The general reaction scheme can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP , additional homework tip  5

Halogenation:

Benzene undergoes halogenation reaction in presence of FeCl3 or FeBr3 as catalyst to give halobenzene as product. The general reaction scheme can be given as,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.128EP , additional homework tip  6

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