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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following chemical reactions are addition reactions?

  1. a. C4H8 + Cl2 → C4H8Cl2
  2. b. C6H6 + Cl2 → C6H5Cl + HCl
  3. c. C3H6 + HCl → C3H7Cl
  4. d. C7H16 → C7H8 + 4H2

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical reactions that are addition reaction has to be identified from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Chemical reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms are added to each carbon atom of a carbon‑carbon multiple bond in a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative is known as addition reaction.

In this reaction no atoms or group of atoms are removed. Instead the unsaturated bond is reduced to saturated bond. A general scheme for addition reaction of alkene can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 2, Problem 2.69EP

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Considering option (a), the given reaction is,

    C4H8 + Cl2 C4H8Cl2

By looking at the above reaction, it is inferred that two chlorine atoms are added to the parent hydrocarbon on each of the carbon atom. No atoms or group of atoms are lost from the parent hydrocarbon. Therefore, this is an addition reaction. Hence, option (a) is a correct one.

Considering option (c), the given reaction is,

    C3H6 + HCl C3H7Cl

By looking at the above reaction, it is inferred that a chlorine atom and a hydrogen atom are added to the parent hydrocarbon on two carbon atoms. No atoms or group of atoms are lost from the parent hydrocarbon. Therefore, this is an addition reaction. Hence, option (c) is a correct one

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